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Anatomy & Physiology Prefix Suffix List

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nexelace's version from 2017-09-02 12:32

Prefixes

Question Answer
ante-in front
post-after
pre-before
retrobehind
hyper-above
hypo-below
meso-middle
periaround
endo-within
broncho, bronchuslung
esophagoesophagus
laparo-abdomen
gastro-stomach
sigmoido-sigmoid
cysto-urinary ladder
procto-rectum
memorize

Suffixes

Question Answer
-itisinflammination
-ectomysurgical removal of
-ostomysurgical creation of an opening between two organs or from an organ to the outside
-orrhaphysurgical repair of
-plastyrestorative or reconstructive procedure
-pexysurgical re-positioning
-oscopyoptical examination of an organ
memorize

Roots

Question Answer
thoracochest
thracheothrachea
bronchobronchus
pneumonolung
pulmonoassociated structures or vessels of lung
cholegall, bile
cholecyctogallbladder
choledochocommon bile duct
enterointestines
duedenofirst part of the small intestines
jujenosecond part of the small intestines
ileothird part of the small intestines
colocolon
pancreatopancreas
splenospleen
hepatoliver
masto, mammobreast
hysterouterus
oophoroovary
salpingofallopain tube
colpovagina
nephronkidney
renoassociate structure of vessels of the kidney
pyelopelvis of the kidney
ureteroureter
lithocalculus, stone
cranioskull
neuronerve
hema-, hemo-, hemato-blood
vasvessel or duct
memorize

Terms

Question Answer
Distalaway from the beginning of an organ
Proximalclose to the beginning of an organ
Superiorabove
Inferiorbelow
Medialclose to the mid-line
Lateralaway from to the mid-line
Axilla, Axillarythe area of the armpit
Axillary lineimaginary line which runs down the side of the body starting from the armpit
Peripheralpertaining to the outer aspect of an organ
AnteriorVentral, in front of towards the front of the body
PosteriorDorsal, in the back of towards the back of the body
Ipsilateralsituated on the same side
contralateralsituated on the opposite side
Internaltowards the inside
Externaltowards the outside
Parietalpertaining to the wall of the cavity
Visceralpertaining to the organs with the cavity
Cephaladtowards the had
Caudadtowards the feat
memorize