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Anatomy of Kidneys, Ureters and Adrenal Glands

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benryan95's version from 2015-05-13 11:56

Section

Question Answer
What are the anterior relations of the left kidney?Stomach, spleen, pancreas, left colic flexure, descending colon, jejunum
What are the posterior relations of the left kidney?Rib 11 and 12
What are the anterior relations of the right kidney?Liver, descending part of duodenum, right colic flexure, small intestine
What are the posterior relations of the right kidney?Rib 11 and 12
What are the 4 covering layers of the kidney from deep to superficial?Capsule, perirenal fat, renal fascia and pararenal fat
Which kidney is more superior, left or right?Left
Which 2 vessels drain into the left renal vein?Left inferior phrenic vein and left suprarenal vein
Anterior relations of the left ureter?Gonadal artery, left colic artery, jejunum, sigmoid mesentery, colon
Posterior relations of the left ureter?Psoas muscle, genitofemoral nerve, common iliac vessels, L2-L5 transverse processes
Anterior relations of the right ureter?Descending duodenum, gonadal vessels, right colic vessels, ileocolic vessels
Posterior relations of the right ureter?Psoas muscle, genitofemoral nerve, common iliac vessels, L2-L5 transverse processes
At which vertebral level do the renal arteries arise from the aorta?L1/L2
What are the series of vessels that exist between the renal artery and renal vein?Renal artery, Segmental arteries, Interlobar arteries, Arcuate arteries, Interlobular arteries, Afferent arterioles, Glomerulus, Efferent arterioles, Peritubular capillaries, venules, interlobular veins, arcuate veins, interlobar veins, renal veins
Which lymph nodes drain the kidneys and the ureters?Lateral aortic nodes around origin of renal artery
Where in the spinal cord does the least splanchnic nerve?T12
What is the shape of the right suprarenal gland?Pyramid shaped
What is the shape of the left suprarenal gland?Semi-lunar shaped
Which suprarenal gland is bigger?Left
Which arteries supply the suprarenal gland?Superior, middle and inferior suprarenal arteries
Where does the left suprarenal vein drain into?Left renal vein
Where does the right suprarenal vein drain into?Inferior Vena Cava
Which vertebral level do the preganglionic fibres supplying the suprarenal gland arise from?T5-T9/11 (seen T5-T9 from some sources, T5-T11 from other sources)
What are the 4 walls of the ureter from outside to in?Adventia, Muscle, Lamina Propria, Epithelium
How is the transitional epithelium arranged?More squamous like when distended, more columnar like when relaxed
What does the adventia of the ureter contain?Arteries
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