Create
Learn
Share

Anatomy of Bladder, Ureters and Prostate Gland

rename
benryan95's version from 2015-05-11 08:16

Section

Question Answer
What are the anterior relations of the right ureter?Descending duodenum, gonadal vessels, right colic vessels, ileocolic vessels
What are the posterior relations of the right ureter?Psoas muscle, genitofemoral nerve, common iliac vessels, tips of L2-L5 transverse processes
What are the anterior relations of the left ureter?Gonadal vessels, left colic vessels, colon, loops of jejunum, sigmoid mesentery
What are the posterior relations of the left ureter?Psoas muscle, genitofemoral nerve, common iliac vessels, tips of L2-L5 transverse processes
What are the 3 constricted points of the ureter?Pelvi-ureteric junction, crossing over common iliac artery bifurcation, vesicoureteric junction
What are the anterior relations of the bladder?Pubic bones, pubic symphyses
What are the posterior relations of the bladder?Pelvic floor
What are the superior relations of the bladder?Peritoneum
What are the inferolateral relations of the bladder?Pubic bones
What is the name of the muscle that forms the wall of the bladder?Detrusor muscle
What type of epithelium lines the bladder?Transitional epithelium
Which structures mark the angles of the trigone?Ureteric orifices and internal urethral orifice
Which sex has the inferior vesical arteries?Males
Where do superior vesical arteries arise from?Internal iliac arteries
Where do inferior vesical arteries arise from?Internal iliac arteries
Where do vaginal arteries arise from?Internal iliac arteries
Which veins drain the bladder?Vesical venous plexus
Which nerves carry parasympathetic innervation to the bladder?Pelvic splanchnic nerves
Which nerves carry sympathetic innervation to the bladder?hypogastric nerve
How is visceral afferent information from the bladder transmitted?Follows course of parasympathetic fibres
Where is the external urethral sphincter in the female urethra?in the vestibule, anterior to the vaginal orifice
How long is the female urethra?4cm
Where is the external urethral sphincter?Membranous portion
How long is the male urethra?20cm
Which vessels supply and drain the urethra?Internal pudendal vessels (and vaginal vessels)
List the possible consequences of an enlarged prostate gland?Nocturia, dysuria, urgerncy, bladder infections, kidney damage
memorize

Recent badges