Anatomy Midterm

laurabockoff's version from 2017-01-16 18:59


Question Answer
anatomythe study of the structure of body parts
physiologythe study of the function of body parts
Level of organizationCells - tissues- organs -organ system- organisms
male reproductivesperm production
female reproductiverelease of eggs
immune systemprotection from virus and bacteria
cardiovascular systemtransports nutrients like blood, wastes, and iron through the body
respiratory systemgas exchange (breathing)
nervous system communication through impulses
skeletal systemstructure, protection, movement
integumentary systemprotection; temperature regulation
muscular systemmovement, protection, heat production
digestivebreakdown of food for energy and removal of wastes
urinary systemfilters blood and urine. Produces and maintains electrolyte/water within the body
endocrine systemproduces and secretes hormones
Homeostasisthe body's way of maintaining a relatively constant internal environment
negative feedback occurs when a pathway leads to a decrease in the original stimulus; The stimulus stops and the pathway shuts off ex) fever
anatomical positionwhen the body is erect, hands at the sides, palms facing anteriorly
median planedivides the body into left and right parts
frontal planedivides the body into anterior and posterior parts
transversedivides the body into superior and inferior parts
Dorsal cavity containsCranial cavity (brain) and spinal cavity (spinal cord)
Ventral cavity contains thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
thoracic cavity containspleural cavity (lungs) and pericardial cavity (heart)
abdominopelvic cavity containspelvic cavity (bladder and reproductive organs) and abdominal cavity (stomach,liver, intestines, pancreas)