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Anatomy- Cspine and Tspine

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kkaitlyn96's version from 2017-02-05 00:45

Section 1

Question Answer
The adult vertebral column has how many bones?26
The child vertebral column has how many bones?33
Before fusing together the sacrum is made up of how many pieces?5
Before fusing together the coccyx is made up of how many pieces?4
How many cervical vertebrae are there?7
How many thoracic vertebrae are there?12
How many lumbar vertebrae are there?5
Where does the spinal cord end?Conus medullaris (L1-L2)
Lumbar punctures are usually performed at what level?L3-5 to avoid damage of the spinal cord
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Section 2

Question Answer
ConcaveInward
ConvexOutward
What two curves are you born with?Thoracic and sacral
KyphosisIncreased convexity (thoracic)
LordosisIncreased concavity (lumbar)
Scoliosis S shaped, lateral spine curve, herrington rods
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Section 3

Question Answer
What is the most anterior part of a typical vertebrae?body
What is the most posterior part of a typical vertebrae?spinous process
What is where the lamina and pedicle meet?transverse process
What is where the lamina meet?Spinous process
What makes the intervertebral foramina? inferior and superior notch
What makes the zygapophyseal joints?inferior and superior articular processes
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Section 4

Question Answer
Where is the only spot of the spine that there is no intervertebral disk?between C1 and C2
HNPslipped disk
What is on the inside of the intervertebral disk?nucleus pulposus, semi gel material
What is around the center of the intervertebral disk?annulus fibrosus
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Section 5

Question Answer
What is C1 called?atlas
What is C2 called?axis
What is special about C1?no body, lateral mass
What is special about C2?odontoid/ dens
What is special about C7?Vertebral prominens
What does C1 and C2 allow us to do?Allows us to rotate our head
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Section 6

Question Answer
3 things specific to c spinestransverse foramina, bifid spinous processes, and anterior bodies all overlap
What is the articular pillar?thickness of bone in between the articulating processes
What is the lateral masses?Only in C1, same as articular pillar
In C1 what do the articulating facets articulate with? And what does that make?the skull; atlantooccipital articulation
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Section 7

Question Answer
One thing specific to t spinesarticulates with ribs
Costovertebral joints are articulations with what?head of the rib with the body of the thoracic spine
What thoracic vertebrae have costovertebral joints?T1-12
Costotransverse joints are articulations with what?tubercle of rib with transverse of vertebrae
What thoracic vertebrae have costotransverse joints?T1-10
What type of joints/ movement are costotransverse and costovertebral joints?Synovial, diarthrodial, and plane/ gliding
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Section 8

Question Answer
Level of Mastoid tipC1/ base of skull
Level of Gonion C3/ angle of mandible
Level of Vertebral ProminenceC7
Level of Thyroid CartilageC4-C6
EAMExternal Auditory Meatus
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Section 9

Question Answer
Level of T1about the same as C7
Level of Jugular notchT2-T3
Level of Sternal angle2-3 in below manubrium or T4-T5
Level of MidthoraxT7
Level of Xiphoid tipT9-T10
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Section 10

Question Answer
When you want to see intervertebral foramina in c spines what position do you need?45 degree oblique
When you want to see zygapophyseal joints in c spines what position do you need?Lateral
When you want to see intervertebral foramina in t spines what position do you need?Lateral
When you want to see zygapophyseal joints in t spines what position do you need?70 degree oblique
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