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Anatomy Chapters 16-18

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heyguysitsclaire's version from 2016-02-17 00:42

Section 1

Question Answer
endocrin/oMeaning: Endocrine glands or system -- Example: Endocrinopathy -- Definition of Example: Any disease of the endocrine glands
pituitar/iMeaning: Pituitary gland, hypophysis -- Example: Pituitarism -- Definition of Example: Condition caused by any disorder of pituitary function
hypophysi/oMeaning: pituitary gland, hypophysis -- Example: Hypophysial -- Definition of Example: Pertaining to the pituitary gland
thyr/o, thyroid/oMeaning: Thyroid gland -- Example: Thyrolytic -- Definition of Example: Destroying the thyroid gland
parathyr/o, parathyroid/oMeaning: Parathyroid gland -- Example: Hyperparathyroidism -- Definition of Example: Overactivity of a parathyroid gland
adren/o, adrenal/oMeaning: Adrenal gland, epinephrine -- Example: Adrenergic -- Definition of Example: Activated by or related to epinephrine
adrenocortic/oMeaning: Adrenal cortex -- Example: Adrenocorticotropic -- Definition of Example: Acting on the adrenal cortex
insul/oMeaning: Pancreatic Islets -- Example: Insular -- Definition of Example: Pertaining to islet cells
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Section 2

Question Answer
neur/o, neur/i Meaning: Nervous system, nervous tissue, nerve -- Example: Neurotrophin -- Definition of Example: Factor that promotes nerve growth
gli/oMeaning: Neuroglia -- Example: Glial -- Definition of Example: Pertaining to neuroglia
gangli/o, ganglion/o Meaning: Ganglion -- Example: Ganglioma -- Definition of Example: Tumor of a ganglion
mening/o, meninge/oMeaning: Meninges -- Example: Meningocele -- Definition of Example: Hernia of the meninges
myel/oMeaning: Spinal cord, bone marrow -- Example: Hematomyelia -- Definition of Example: Hemorrhage into the spinal cord
radicul/oMeaning: Spinal nerve root -- Example: Radiculopathy -- Definition of Example: Any disease of a spinal nerve root
-phasiaMeaning: Speech -- Example: Heterophasia -- Definition of Example: Uttering words that are different from those intended
-laliaMeaning: Speech, babble -- Example: Coprolalia -- Definition of Example: Compulsive use of obscene words
-lexiaMeaning: Reading -- Example: Bradylexia -- Definition of Example: Slowness in reading
-plegiaMeaning: Paralysis -- Example: Tetraplegia -- Definition of Example: Paralysis of all four limbs
-paresisMeaning: Partial paralysis -- Example: Hemiparesis -- Definition of Example: Partial paralysis of one side of the body
-lepsyMeaning: Seizure -- Example: Narcolepsy -- Definition of Example: Condition marked by sudden episodes of sleep
-phobiaMeaning: Persistent, irrational fear -- Example: Agoraphobia -- Definition of Example: Fear of being in a public place
-maniaMeaning: Excited state, obsession -- Example: Megalomania -- Definition of Example: Exaggerated self importance
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Section 3

Question Answer
audi/oMeaning: Hearing -- Example: Audiology -- Definition of Example: The study of hearing
acous, acus, cusMeaning: Sound, hearing -- Example: Acoustic -- Definition of Example: Pertaining to sound or hearing
ot/oMeaning: Ear -- Example: Ototoxic -- Definition of Example: Poisonous or harmful to the ear
myring/oMeaning: Tympanic membrane -- Example: Myringotome -- Definition of Example: Knife used for surgery on the eardrum
tympan/o Meaning: Tympanic cavity -- Example: Tympanometry -- Definition of Example: Measurement of transmission through the tympanic membrane and middle ear
salping/oMeaning: Tube, auditory tube -- Example: Salpingoscopy -- Definition of Example: Endoscopic examination of the auditory tube
staped/o, stapedi/oMeaning: Stapes -- Example: Stapedoplasty -- Definition of Example: Plastic repair of the stapes
labyrinth/oMeaning: Labyrinth -- Example: Labyrinthitis -- Definition of Example: Inflammation of the inner ear
vestibul/oMeaning: Vestibule, vestibular -- Example: Vestibulotomy -- Definition of Example: Incision of the vestibule of the inner ear
cochle/oMeaning: Cochlea -- Example: Retrocochlear -- Definition of Example: Behind the cochlea
blephar/oMeaning: Eyelid -- Example: Symblepharon -- Definition of Example: Adhesion of the eyelid to the eyeball
palpebr/o Meaning: Eyelid -- Example: Palpebral -- Definition of Example: Pertaining to an eyeball
dacry/oMeaning: Tear, lacrimal apparatus -- Example: Dacryorrhea -- Definition of Example: Discharge from the lacrimal apparatus
dacryocyst/oMeaning: Lacrimal Sac -- Example: Dacryocystocele -- Definition of Example: Hernia of the lacrimal sac
lacrim/oMeaning: Tear, lacrimal apparatus -- Example: Lacrimation -- Definition of Example: Secretion of Tears
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