Anatomy Chapter 4 Test - Wise

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Section 1

Question Answer
Provides great strength through parallel bundles of collagenic fibers; found in tendonsDense Fibrous Connective Tissue
Acts as a storage depot for fatAdipose Connective Tissue
Composes the dermis of the skinDense Fibrous Connective Tissue
Forms the bony skeletonOsseous Tissue
Composes the basement membrane and packages organs; includes a gel-like matrix with all categories of fibers and many cell typesAreolar Connective Tissue
Forms the embryonic skeleton and the surfaces of bones at the joints; reinforces the tracheaHyaline Cartilage
Provides insulation for the bodyAdipose Connective Tissue
Structurally amorphous matrix, heavily invaded with fibers; appears glassy and smoothHyaline Cartilage
Contains cells arranged concentrically around a nutrient canal; matrix is hard due to calcium saltsOsseous Tissue
Forms the stroma or internal “skeleton” of lymph nodes. the spleen, and other lymphoid organsReticular Connective Tissue

Section 2

Question Answer
The nonspecific response of the body to injury is called _____.Inflammation
Intact capillaries near an injury dilate, leaking plasma, blood cells, and _____, which cause the blood to clot. The clot at the surface dries to form a scab.Clotting Proteins
During the first phase of tissue repair, capillary buds invade the clot, forming a delicate pink tissue called _____ tissue.Granulation
When damage is not too severe, the surface epithelium migrates beneath the dry scab and across the surface of the granulation tissue. This repair process is called _____.Regeneration
If tissue damage is very severe, tissue repair is more likely to occur by _____ or scarring.Fibrosis
During fibrosis, fibroblasts in the granulation tissue lay down _____ fibers, which form a strong, compact, but inflexible massCollagen
The repair of cardiac muscle and nervous tissue occurs mainly by _____Fibrosis

Section 3

Question Answer
Forms mucous, serous. and epidermal membranesEpithelium
Allows for organ movements within the bodyMuscle
Transmits electrochemical impulsesNervous
Supports body organsConnective
Cells of this tissue may absorb and/ or secrete substancesEpithelium
Basis of the major controlling system of the bodyNervous
The cells of this tissue shorten to exert forceMuscle
Forms hormonesEpithelium
Packages and protects body organsConnective
Characterized by having large amouns of nonliving matrixConnective
Allows you to smile, grasp, swim, ski, and shoot an arrowMuscle
Most widely distributed tissue in the bodyConnective
Forms the brain and spinal cordNervous

Section 4

Question Answer
Lines the esophagus and forms the skin epidermisStratified Squamous
Forms the lining of the stomach and small intestineSimple Columnar
Best suited for areas subjected to frictionStratified Squamous
Lines much of the respiratory tractPseudostratified Columnar
Propels substances (e.g., mucus) across its surfacePseudostratified Columnar
Found in the bladder lining; peculiar cells that slide over one anotherTransitional
Forms thin serous membranes: a single layer of flattened cellsSimple Squamous

Section 5

Question Answer
What is Histology?the study of the microscopic structure of tissues.
covers surfaces; lines insides of organs or body cavitiesEpithelial Tissue
protects, binds together, and supports organsConnective Tissue
facilitates movement of skeleton or organ wallsMuscle Tissue
controls activities or processes informationNervous Tissue
Where is epithelial tissue found?epidermis of skin inner lining of the digestive tract inner lining of the urinary bladder
Where is connective tissue found?dermis of skin ligaments and tendons blood fat in body nose and articular cartilage in some joints
Where is muscle tissue found?muscles attached to bones muscle layer in digestive tract muscle layer in heart
Where is nervous tissue found?brain and spinal cord
What are the four types of tissues?Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
is made of two materials: ground substance - proteins and polysaccharides, fiber - reticular, collagen and elasticConnective Tissue Matrix
What are the four types of connective tissue?connective tissue proper, cartilage, bone, blood
What are the two types of connective tissue proper?loose connective tissue, dense connective tissue
What are the three loose connective tissues?areolar, adipose, reticular
What are the three dense connective tissues?dense regular, dense irregular and elastic
What are the three types of cartilage?hyaline, elastic, fibrocartilage
Where is simple squamous epithelium found?air sac in lungs (alveoli); lining of heart chambers and lumen of blood vessels (endothelium); serious membranes of body cavities (mesothelium)
Where is simple cuboidal epithelium found?thyroid gland follicles, kidney tubules, ducts and secretory regions of most glands; surface of ovary
Where is non-cilliated simple columnar epithelium found?lining of most gi tracts; lining of stomach does not contain goblet cells
Where is ciliated columnar epithelium found?lining of uterine tubes and larger bronchioles of respiratory tract
Where is nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium?lining of oral cavity, part of pharynx, esophagus, vagina, and anus
Where is keratinized squamous epithelium found?epidermis of skin
Where is stratified cuboidal epithelium found?relatively rare; found in large ducts in most exocrine glands and in some parts of the male urethra
Where is stratified columnar epithelium found?Rare; found in large ducts of some exocrine glands and in some regions of the male urethra
Where is Pseudostratified columnar epithelium found?respiratory tract, including nasal cavity, part of pharynx, larynx, trachea and bronchi. Nonciliated form is relatively rare; lined epididymis and part of make urethra
Where is transitional epithelium found?lining of urinary bladded, inner layer of ureters, and part of urethra
Where is loose connective tissue found?surrounding vessels; in spleen and liver; in subcutaneous layer
Where is areolar ( loose) connective tissue found?surrounding nerves, vessels; forming subcutaneous later
Where is adipose connective tissue found?subcutaneous layer; surrounding kidney and selected other organs
Where is reticular connective tissue found?stroma of spleen, liver, lymph nodes, bone marrow
Where is dense connective tissue found?fibrous capsules; tendons, ligaments and dermis
Where is dense regular connective tissue found?tendons and ligaments
Where is dense irregular connective tissue found?fascia; around muscles and organs; dermis; periosteum covering bone; organ capsules
Where is elastic connective tissue found?walls of elastic arteries; trachea; bronchial tubes; true vocal cords; suspensory ligaments of penis and lungs
Where is hyaline cartilage found?most of fetal skeleton; covers articular ends of long bones; costal cartilage; larynx; trachea; nose
Where is fibrocartilage found?intervertebral discs; pubic symphysis; menisci of knee joints
Where is elastic cartilage found?external ear; epiglottis of the larynx
Where is bone found?bones of the body
Where is blood found?primarily within blood vessels, and the heart; leukocytes are also located in lymphatic organs and can migrate to infected or inflamed tissues in the body
Where is skeletal muscle tissue found?attached to bones or sometimes to skin; also in the involuntary sphincters-lips, urethra, anus
Where is cardiac muscle tissue found?heart wall (myocardium)
Where is smooth muscle tissue found?walls of hollow internal organs, such as vessels, airways, stomach, bladder, uterus
Where is nervous tissue found?brain, spinal cord, and nerves

Section 6

Question Answer
Steps of Tissue RepairInflammation, Organization, Regeneration and Repair
Germ layers from top to bottomEctoderm, Mesoderm, Endodern
Types of membranesMucous, serous, and cutaneous (skin)