Anatomy Chapter 10 Blood

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Question Answer
Name as many different categories of substances carried in plasma as you cannutrients, salts (electrolytes), respiratory gases, hormones, plasma proteins, and various wastes and products of cell metabolism
Define anemia, and give three possible causesA decrease in the oxygen-carrying ability of the blood. a lower-than-normal number of RBCs, abnormal or deficient hemoglobin content in the RBCs, anxiety, or other stressful situations.
Name the formed elements that arise from myeloid stem cells. Name those arising from lymphoid stem cells. Hemocytoblasts. Lymphocyte
Describe the process of hemostasis. Indicate what starts the process.Hemostasis occurs when a blood vessel has been damaged exposing connective tissue in the vessel to the blood. 1-Platelets become sticky and adhere to collagen fibers at the site forming a plug. 2-Platelets release serotonin, thereby narrowing blood vessels, 3-injured tissue releases thromboplastin causing coagulation to occur.
What are agglutinins? An agglutinin is a substance that causes particles to coagulate to form a thickened mass
What is a transfusion reaction? Why does it happen?A hemolytic transfusion reaction is a serious complication that can occur after a blood transfusion. The reaction occurs when the red blood cells that were given during the transfusion are destroyed by the person's immune system. There are other types of allergic transfusion reactions that do not cause hemolysis.
If you had a high hematocrit, would you expect your hemoglobin determination to be high or low? Why?? High because the higher the RBC volume, the higher the hemoglobin determination