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Anatomy 1 - Test 1 Memorization

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xosisona's version from 2018-01-19 02:59

Front

Question Answer
headcephalic
skullcranial
facefacial
chinmental
neckcervical
chestthoracic
armpitaxillary
armbrachial
front of elbowantecubital or cubital
forearmantebrachial
wristcarpal
palmpalmar
fingersdigital or phalangeal
thighfemoral
anterior surface of kneepatellar
ankletarsal
toesdigital and phalangeal
foreheadfrontal
eyeorbital
cheekbuccal
earotic
nosenasal
mouthoral
breastbonesternal
breastmammary
belly buttonumbilical
hipcoxal
groininguinal
handmanual
pubispubic
shincrural
chestthoracic
abdomenabdominal
memorize

Back

Question Answer
base of skulloccipital
neckcervical
shoulder bladescapular
spinal columnvertebral
back of elbowolecranal
between hipssacral
buttockgluteal
hollow behind kneepopliteal
calfsural
soleplantar
heelcalcaneal
shoulderacromial
lower backlumbar
back of handdorsal
memorize

Intrinsic Foot Muscles

Question Answer
Extensor Digitorum Brevisextends toes; used to lift toes 2-4 during gait; used to assist with dorsiflexion
Extensor Hallucis Brevisextends great toe; used to lift great toe during gait; used to assist with dorsiflexion
Dorsal Interosseiabducts toes; used adjust foot and toe position for balance
Plantar Interosseiadducts toes 3-5; used to adjust foot and toe position for balance
Lumbricalesflexes the proximal phalanges; used to adjust foot and toe position for balance
Flexor Digiti Minimiflexes small toe; adjusts toe position for balance
Adductor Digiti Minimiadducts 5th toe
Flexor Hallucis Brevisflexes great toe; used to assist with balance and propulsion
Abductor Digiti Minimiabducts the 5th toe; used to adjust toe position for balance
Flexor Digitorum Brevisflexes toes 2-5 at the proximal interphalangeal joint; used to adjust foot and toe position for balance
Abductor Hallucisabducts great toe; used to adjust great toe position for balance and propulsion
memorize

leg muscles

Question Answer
Tibialis Anterior - Origintibia, lateral condyle, proximal half of I.M.
Tibialis Anterior - Insertionmedial cuneiform, plantar surface, base of 1st metatarsal
Tibialis Anterior - Actiondorsi flex ankle and invert foot
Extensor Digitorum Longus - Origintibia, lateral condyle, proximal anterior fibula, IM
Extensor Digitorum Longus - Insertionmiddle and distal toes 2-5, by 4 tendons to dorsal surfaces
Extensor Digitorum Longus - Actionextend 2-5 MTP and IP joints; dorsi flex ankle, evert foot
Extensor Hallucis Longus - OriginFibula (middle/anterior) and IM
Extensor Hallucis Longus - Insertion1st distal phalanx; base on dorsal surface
Extensor Hallucis Longus - Actionextend 1st MTP and IP joint; dorsi flex ankle; invert foot
Anterior MusclesTibials Anterior, Extensor Digitorum Longus, Extensor Hallucis Longus
Peroneus Longus - Origintibia, lateral condyle, head and lateral proximal 2/3 fibula
Peroneus Longus - Insertionfirst metatarsal and medial cuneiform (lateral side from under foot)
Peroneus Longus - Actionplantar flex ankle, evert foot
Peroneus Brevis - Originfibula (distal 2/3 of lateral surface)
Peroneus Brevis - Insertion5th metatarsal, lateral side of tuberosity at base
Peroneus Brevis - Actionplantar flex ankle and evert foot
Peroneus Tertius - Originfibula, distal 1/3 of ANTERIOR surface and IM
Peroneus Tertius - Insertion5th metatarsal, dorsal surface
Peroneus Tertius - Actiondorsi flex ankle, evert foot
Lateral MusclesPeroneus Longus, Brevis, Tertius
Gastrocnemius - OriginMedial head (femur, posterior medial condyle) and Lateral head (femur, posterior lateral condyle)
Gastrocnemius - InsertionCalcaneous, posterior surface via Achilles
Gastrocnemius - Actionplantar flex ankle, flex knee
Soleus - Origintibia (soleal line, post surface, and post head) and Fibula (proximal surface)
Soleus - Insertioncalcaneus, posterior surface via Achilies
Soleus - ActionPlantar flex ankle
Plantaris - Originfemur and distal lateral supracondylar line
Plantaris - Insertioncalcaneus, posterior surface via Achilies
Plantaris - ActionPlantar flex ankle and flex knee
Posterior Musclesgastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris
Tibialis Posterior - Origintibia (lateral, posterior), fibula (proximal 2/3 of medial), IM
Tibialis Posterior - Insertionnavicular tuberosity, 1-3 cunieform, cuboid, base of 2-4 metatarsal
Tibialis Posterior - Actionplantar flex ankle, invert foot
Flexor Digitorum Longus - Origintibia (middle posterior surface)
Flexor Digitorum Longus - Insertiondistal phalanges 2-5 by 4 tendons to base of plantar surfaces (bottom of foot)
Flexor Digitorum Longus - Actionflex IP joints, plantar flex ankle, invert foot
Flexor Hallucis Longus - Originfibula (distal posterior surface) and IM
Flexor Hallucis Longus - Insertionfirst distal phalanx (base of plantar surface)
Flexor Hallucis Longus - Actionflex 1st MTP and IP joint, plantar flex ankle, invert foot
Medial MusclesTom Dick Larry; Tibialis Posterior, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus - named by insertion, not attachment
memorize