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Anat Ch. 1

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jaysica2014's version from 2016-08-26 13:10

Section 1

Question Answer
Study of structure anatomy
study of funtionphysiology
Simplest levelChemical
Chemical levels includesatoms, molecules, and macromolecules
Cells that are the basic structure and functional unit of the bodyCells
Cellular level includesorganelle and cells
Aggregation of similar cells that perfrom similar functionsTissues
Several different types of ... How many...?tissue levels; 4
2+ tissues that work together 2 perform specific functionorgan
group of organs working together to perform specific functionorgan system
how many organ systems?12
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
body up, arms side, palms fowardAnatomical
Lying face down, palms downprone
face up, feet upsUPine
front side AKA VentralAnterior
Back side (dorsal fin)Posterior
Twards head (cephalad)Superior
away from head (caudad)inferior
towards midlinemedial
away from midlinelateral
outer boundary body cavityparietal
internal organsvisceral
towrads outer body surfaceexternal
away from body surfaceinternal
nearest pt of attatchmentproximal
FARTHER point of attatchmentDISTal
Near centercentral
away from centerperipheral
movement away from medianAbduction
movement towards plan of bodyADDuction
turning INwardINversion
Turn outwardeversion
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Body consists of _________ portions2
head, neck, and trunk is the _________ portionaxial
Arms and leg is the _________ portionAppendicular
CEPHalichead
cervicalneck
oticear
abdominallowest rib to pelvis
abdominopelviclowest rib and pelvis
inguinalgroin
sternalsternum (breast)
umbilicalnaval
dorsumback/posterior of thorax
lumbarlower back
sacralbelow lower back/upper butt
vertebralbackbone
axillaryarmpit
coxalhips
genitalexternal reproductives
perinealsmall vagina
antebrACHialforearm
ANTecubitalfront elbow
brACHialupper arm
carpalwrist
Cubitalposterior elbow
Digitalfingers and toes
crural lower leg
femoralthighs
patellaranterior knee
pedalfoot
plantarsole of foot
poplitealposterior knee
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
divides body into superior and inferior (upper and lower)transverse
divides body into right and leftsagittal
divides body into front and backcoronal
SPACE w/in body and contains INTERAL ORGANSBody cavity
2 major body cavitydorsal (back) and Ventral (front)
cranial cavity and verteral canal is in what cavitydorsal
thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity is in what cavityventral
brain/spinal cord membranesmeninges
secrete watery lube fluidserous
pleaura meanslung
parietal pleurabody cavity covering
visceral pleurasurroundiings
serous fluid is located between the two pleurae in the pleural cavity
visceral pericardiumon heart
parietal pericardiumoutside of visceral pericardium
periotoneum lines in teh ___ cavityabdominal cavity
parietal peritoneum is the body cavity
visceral peritoneum forms suportive ___ that support abdominal organsmesenteries
building reactionsanabolism
breaking reactionscatabolism
keeping dynamic balance in your bodyhomeostasis
most common type of regulatorynegative (goes down to get to normal)
rare mechanismpositive feedback (goes up..contractions)
memorize