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ANAT 4&5

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jaysica2014's version from 2016-09-07 20:48

Section 1

Question Answer
group of similar cells with same functiontissue
four basic types of tissueEpithelial, Connective, Muscle, Nerve
closely packed cells, attatched to basement membrane, no blood vessel, mitosisepithelial
protection, absorption, filtration, and secreatin are functions ofepithelial tissue
what gland has tubes?exocrine
what gland has no tube and goes into blood streamendocrine
aids in osmosis, diffusion, and filtrationsimple squamous
found in glands, kidneys, and ovariessimple cuboidal
Secretes mucous in lumen of tubegoblet cells
found in uterus, uterine tubes, stomach, & intestinesSimple columnar epithelium
line upper respiratory passagewaypsuedostratified ciliated columnar
protection is mostly here and innermost layer undergoes mitosisstratisfied
waterproof; epidermis; protectKeratinized
lines mouth, esophagus, and vaginanonkeratinized
provide resistance to abrasionstratified squamous
stretching of urinary bladdartransitional
cells are large and roundunstreteched
cells become thin and flatstretched
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
most abundant body tissueconnective tissues
loosely arragned cells; solid, liquid, gelmatrix
bind other tissues and organ (stringy and white)connective tissue proper
cartilage bone, and blood; type of connective tissueSpecialied function
matrix consist of ____ which are also proteinsground substance
most abundant type of cells that secrete proteinfibroblasts
collogenous fiber (protein) are moretougher
elastic fibers are morestretchier
support framework for internal organs, nerves, and blood vesselsloose connective tissue
common beneath skin and around organs; aid in insulation/cushionadipose
binds joints together; great strenth and flexibility; poor blood supplyfibrous connective tissue
bone to boneligaments
bone to muscletendons
expansion inn lungs, air passages, artiel wallselastic connective
semisolid matrix; support and protection; chondroctes/lacunaecartilage
protect covering on bone at joints; support walls of air passageshyaline cartilage
found in larynx and external earelastic cartilage
tightly packed collagenous fibers; knees, spine discsfibrocartilage
hardest and most rough cuzof calcium slatsbone/osseous
most numbers; transport o2 to bodyRBC
immunityWBC
clots bloodPlatelets
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
long; striations; parallel; voluntaryskeletal
branches; involuntary; striationscardiac
no striations; stackedsmooth muscle
helper nerve tissueneuroglia
functional cell; sends impulse from brainnerons
thin sheets of tissues that cover surface/seperate organsbody membranes
pleurae, pericardium, perioneum; body cavity; secrete fluid to reduce frictionserous membrane
cover loose connective tissueepithelial membrane
digestive and respiratory tracts; line tubes and cavities; keep moist/lubedmucous membrane
skin membrane is calledcutaneous
connective tissue is tougher or weaker?tougher
brain and spinal cordmeninges
surface of cartilangeperiochondrium
surface of boneperiosteum
enclosed jointssynovial membrane
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
outside layerepidermis
inside layerdermis
located below the dermis; not part of skinhypodermis
innermost layer of epidermis; lots of mitosisstratum basale
outermost layer; dead cellsstratum corneum
strength and toughnesscollagen
extensibility and elasticelastic fiers
conelike projections of dermis that fit into recesses of epidermisdermal papillae
loose connective tissue and adipose tissuehypdoermis
red color pigmentshemoglobin
yelllow pigmentcarotene
brown/blackmelanin
memorize

Section 5

Question Answer
we can see this part of hairshaft
cell division partt of hairroot
contains hair root; nourished by dermal papillaehair follicle
goose bumpsarrector pili muscle
dorsal surface of fingers/toesnails
oil gland is calledsebaceous
sweat glandsudoriferous
wax glandceruminous
axillary/genital: milkyapocrine sudoriferous
clear watery sweateccrine sudoriferous gland
memorize