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American Government

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cezidaku's version from 2017-11-11 12:13

Section

Question Answer
Standing CommitteeCommittee that holds hearings on bills/resolutions (where the real work of congress is done)
Joint CommitteeCommittee that combines Senate and HOR to share ideas about a bills
Select CommitteeCommittee that is temporarily created for a specific purpose
Conference CommitteeCommittee that reconciles differences between Senate and HOR version of a bill
AmendmentsChange to the language & operation of the original bill
RidersChanges attached to the bill that dont pertain to the subject matter
"Pork Barrel Projects"Legislative projects that only benefit their consitutients and not the common public
Floor ManagersLegislators who guide bills through legislative process after modified bill leaves committes (prevent admendments before bill is passed)
This HOR Leader decides what committees you will be onSpeaker of the House
This HOR leader speaks on behalf of the HORSpeaker of the House
This HOR leader is elected by the HORSpeaker of the House
This HOR leader sets the stragety for congressSpeaker of the House
This HOR leader keeps the party voting together as one unitHOR Majority Leader
This HOR leader keeps their party in line with briberies and threatsHOR Majority Whip
This HOR leader negotiates with Majority Leader since they have less authorityHOR Minority Leader
This HOR leader negotiates with Majority Whip since they have less authorityHOR Minority Whip
This Senate leader does NOT existSpeaker of the Senate
This Senate Leader is aka the Vice President of the USPresident of the Senate
This Senate Leader Breaks the tie if there's a 50/50 vote in the senate for a bill to be passedPresident of the Senate
This Senate Leader is the most powerful position in the SenateSenate Majority Leader
This Senate Leader runs the senate meeting on behalf of the President of the SenatePresident Pro Tempore
This Senate Leader is usually the longest serving member of the majority partyPresident Pro Tempore
Bill is introduced / subcommittee / committee / rules committee / full assembly / conference committee (if differences) / full house and full senate / president / lawHOR flow chart for bill process
Bill is introduced / subcommittee / committee / full assembly / conference committee (if differences) / full house and full senate / president / lawSenate flow chart for bill process
Electing Members of Congress at National LevelReapportionment
Electing Members of Congress at the State LevelRedistricting
Baker v Carr (1962)States cannot gerrymander to HURT certain groups
Shaw v Reno (1993)States cannot gerrymander to HELP certain groups
Gerrymandering (Elbridge Gerry)illegally redistricting to advance political purpose usually based on race and party
Incumbentscurrent office holder
theory of representation that is usually seen in the SenateTrustee
theory of representation where legislator expects constituents to trust them to use their own judgementTrustee
theory of representation that is usually seen in the HORDelegate
theory of representation where legislator does what constituents want even if they don't agree with themDelegate
Must be a US born citizen to assume this rolePresident
Must be at least 35 years to assume this rolePresident
Must have lived in the US a minimum of 14 years before assuming this rolePresident
This leader has the authority to convene congress togetherPresident
This leader has the authority to appoint federal officials (with Senate Approval)President
This leader has the authority to negotiate treaties with foreign countriesPresident
This leader has the authority to grant pardonsPresident
President objects to a bill and it returns to congress for reviewVeto legislation
you need this many senators and this many HOR reps to override a president veto67 senators and 290 HOR reps (aka 2/3 of all congress)
Veto where president neither signs or veto a bill within 10 days, so the bill becomes law anyway (unless Congress adjournsPocket Veto
Veto where a president strikes out part of a bill and its considered unconstitutionalLine-Item Veto
Type of Quasi-Legislative power where the president calls attention to something he think is important (aka black history month or veterans day)Proclamation
Type of Quasi-Legislative power where president gives direct orders to agencies that directly report to himExecutive Order
Type of Quasi-Legislative power where president cuts informal deal with foreign leaders (aka peer to peer)Executive Agreement
This body of congress is not reapportioned because they are not voting them in office is not based on populationSenate
"Power to Persuade" Tactic where president uses his time in office to highlight issues he think is importantThe Bully Pulpit
"Power to Persuade" Tactic where the president uses the media to highlight issuesThe Master of Media Age
This presidential Advisor makes the presidents schedule and controls access to the presidentChief of Staff
This presidential Advisor helps the president with special projectsSpecial Assistant to the President
This presidential Advisor talks to the media on behalf of the presidentPress Secretary
This presidential Advisor helps the president figure out budget prioritiesOffice of Management & Budget (OMB)
This presidential Advisor briefs the president with classified informationThe National Security Advisor & Council
This presidential Advisor keeps the president informed on what's going on with congress and informs congress what's going on with the presidentOffice of Legislative Affairs
You must have at least 270 of 538 of these votes to be presidentElectoral College
These group of individuals go to the white house to vote on behalf of their perspective state for the presidentElectoral College
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