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Allergies, Itchy nose and Rhinorrhea

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alchemist04's version from 2018-03-29 20:23

Pathophysiology of Allergic Rhinitis

FactComments
Risk factors of developing Allergy include family history of atopyAtopy is the genetic tendency to develop allergy, asthma, eczema (atopic dermatitis). This could be in one or both parents.
Allergy could be as a result of elevated IgE greater than 100 IU/ml before age 6Once it starts at the early age, may continue till old age
Allergy could be as a results of socioeconomic statuspoverty and social class could influence allergic reactions
Allergy types could be detected by skin testThey are various types of allergies, examples are the ones that affect eyes (Optics), ears (Otis), flours, latex, eggs, nuts etc
Allergy could be either seasonal or perennialSessional is called hay fever
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General treatment of Allergic Rhinitis

Question Answer
3 steps of TreatmentComments
Allergen avoidanceit is the primary non-pharmacological treatment; consist of knowing the triggers and avoiding them.
Pharmacotherapythis could be non Rx or Rx (prescription)
Immunotherapythis involves immune Rx
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Antihistamines

QuestionAnswer
MOACompetitively blocks histamine (Antihistamine)
ReceptorH1 receptors
Use forrelief of runny, itchy nose and watery eyes (allergic rhinitis)
Anticholinergic side effectsDecrease mucus secretions; Dry mouth; Blurred vision (sedative), Urinary retention; constipation
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