Aging, Death, Dying and Bereavement

gemmalesley's version from 2017-09-18 10:06

Section 1

Question Answer
Cultural variations in perceptions of agingStudy of value of self, attractiveness, feel bad about self. Mostly disagree with negative Pstatements except Chinese (neutral)
Physical agingBrain, reproductive system, skeletal system, vision, hearing, taste and smell
Doty et al, 1984Study of taste and smell. Gets worse around age 50.
Behavioural impact of physical changeSlowing down, change in sleeping patterns, stamina, balance, fine motor skills
Labouvie-Vief, 2006(Thinking) Role of contextual validity; thinks mostly about everyday roles
Basseches, 1984, 1989(Thinking) Dialectical thought; acceptance of paradox and uncertainty
King and Kitchener, 2004(Thinking) Use of reflective judgement
IntelligenceCrystallised and fluid
Bolla et al, 1991Study of complaints related to memory problems and aging
Cohen, 2000Study of creativity and aging; phases - re-evaluation, liberation, summing-up, encore
Baltes and Staudinger, 2000Study of wisdom; assessed wisdom using major life event stories (such as girl marrying at 15) more complex = wiser
Denny, 1982, 1984Performance in skills lowers with aging, no matter if exercised or not

Death, Dying and Bereavement


Question Answer
Defining deathFunctional, brain death, brain stem death
Harvard criteria for brain stem death, 1968unreceptivity and unresponsivity, no spont. muscle movement, apnoea, absence of reflexes, "flatlining"
Lansdown and Benjamin, 1980Development of concept of death from "sleeping" to acceptance
Adolescent view of deathOften unrealistic, romantic, hard to accept terminal diagnosis
Kubler-Ross, 1975Process (stages) of dying - denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
Parkes-Bowlby, 1982Attachment model of bereavement