AEP Self-efficacy readings

bethdrysdale94's version from 2017-05-29 18:48

Section 1

Question Answer
Ashford 2010: purposegathering intervention studies which aimed to increase SE. 27 studies identified.
Ashford 2010: resultsA significant, yet small, relationship between the interventions and changes in self-efficacy was found (mean d= 0.16, p<0.001). Due to heterogeneity, moderator analyses were conducted, examining the association of changes in self-efficacy with whether or not specific intervention techniques were used. Tailoring, vicarious experience, feedback, performing the behaviour during intervention sessions and goal setting by the interventionist were associated with higher levels of self-efficacy. Persuasion, graded mastery and barrier identification were associated with lower levels of self-efficacy.
Ashford 2010: strengths and limitationsself-efficacy and physical activity have a positive but non-significant relationship. Comparing physical activity interventions is inherently difficult due to the inadequacy in reporting of intervention components, a common finding in previous reviews of intervention effects. It could be the case therefore that recommendations regarding effective intervention techniques on the basis of these incomplete descriptions are potentially misleading. Future intervention developers should report their interventions according current guidelines. >
Ashford 2010: suggestionsvicarious experience and feedback techniques have large effect, monitoring behavioural performance without focus on goal achievement may be useful. Specific goals should be set, as well as collaborated with the intervention deliverer. Not recommend barrier identification, but rather discuss how they CAN achieve goals. do NOT use graded mastery.

Section 2

Question Answer
Olander 2013: overviewprevious review identified which behaviour change techniques (BCTs) were associated with increases in self-efficacy and physical activity for healthy non-obese adults. The aim of the current review was to identify which BCTs increase the self-efficacy and physical activity behaviour of obese adults
Olander 2013: methodsA systematic search identified 61 comparisons with obese adults reporting changes in self-efficacy towards engaging in physical activity following interventions. Of those comparisons, 42 also reported changes in physical activity behaviour
Olander 2013: results. Overall, a small effect of the interventions was found on self-efficacy (d = 0.23, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.16-0.29, p < 0.001) and a medium sized effect on physical activity behaviour (d = 0.50, 95% CI 0.38-0.63, p < 0.001). Four BCTs were significantly associated with positive changes in self-efficacy; ‘action planning’, ‘time management’, ‘prompt self-monitoring of behavioural outcome’ and ‘plan social support/social change’. These latter two BCTs were also associated with positive changes in physical activity. An additional 19 BCTs were associated with positive changes in physical activity
Olander 2013: largest effectsThe largest effects for physical activity were found where interventions contained ‘teach to use prompts/cues’, ‘prompt practice’ or ‘prompt rewards contingent on effort or progress towards behaviour’
Olander 2013: overall’. Overall, a non-significant relationship was found between change in self-efficacy and change in physical activity (Spearman’s Rho = −0.18 p = 0.72). In summary, the majority of techniques increased physical activity behaviour, without having discernible effects on self-efficacy. Only two BCTs were associated with positive changes in both physical activity self-efficacy and behaviour. This is in contrast to the earlier review which found a strong relationship between changes in physical activity self-efficacy and behaviour. Mechanisms other than self-efficacy may be more important for increasing the physical activity of obese individuals compared with non-obese individuals

Section 3

Question Answer
French et al 2014: overviewthe aim of this review was to identify behaviour change techniques (BCTs) that increase self-efficacy and physical activity behaviour in non-clinical community-dwelling adults 60 years or over
French et al 2014: methods A systematic search identified 24 eligible studies reporting change in self-efficacy for physical activity following an intervention. Moderator analyses examined whether the inclusion of specific BCTs (as defined by CALO-RE taxonomy) was associated with changes in self-efficacy and physical activity behaviour.
French et al 2014: resultsOverall, interventions increased self-efficacy (d = 0.37) and physical activity (d = 0.14). Self-regulatory techniques such as setting behavioural goals, prompting self-monitoring of behaviour, planning for relapses, providing normative information and providing feedback on performance were associated with lower levels of both self-efficacy and physical activity.
French et al 2014: conclusions Many commonly used self-regulation intervention techniques that are effective for younger adults may not be effective for older adults