Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

benryan95's version from 2016-01-12 17:03


Question Answer
Is Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome the result of direct lung injury or secondary to severe systemic illness?Both
What is the result of lung damage and release of inflammatory mediators?Increased capillary permeability, non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema, often accompanied by multiorgan failure
Name 6 pulmonary causes of Acute Respiratory Distress SyndromePneumoniae, gastric aspiration, inhalation, injury, vasculitis, contusion
Name 5 clinical features of ARDSCyanosis, tachypnoea, tachycardia, peripheral vasodilatation, bi-literal fine inspiratory crackles
Name 8 investigations of ARDSFBC, U&E, LFT, amylase, clotting, CRP, blood cultures, ABG
What does CXR of ARDS show?Bilateral pulmonary infiltrates
Name the 5 components of care in ARDSAdmit to ITU, give supportive respiratory, circulatory, and nutritional care, treat underlying cause
What is the overall mortality in ARDS?50-75%

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