Acids, Bases, Equillibrium

blmcdaniel's version from 2015-05-13 21:24

Section 1

Question Answer
ElectrolyteA water soultion that produces electrons
Arrhenius preposition of electrolytesAtoms enter water to make ions
Strong electrolyte in Conductivity ApparatusBright light; alot of electrons
Weak electrolyte in Conductivity ApparatusDim light; few electrons
No electrolyte in Conductivity ApparatusNo light; No electrons
Six strong acidsHCl, HBr, HI, HCLO4, HNO3, H2SO4
Strong basesMostly KOH and NaOH but anything in the 1 and 2nd column
Indicatoridentifies if the solution is an acid or base
Properties of an indicatorhave one color in an acid and one color in a base
Arrhenius AcidSubstance whose H2O soultion contains H+
Arrhenius baseSubstance whose H2O soultion contains OH-
B-L AcidAn acid is a substance that can donate H+
B-L BaseA Base is a substance that can gain H+
pH acid<7
pH Base>7
Ion concentration of an Acidamount of hydronium > amount of hydroxide
ion concentration of a Baseamount of hydronium < amount of hydroxide
ProtinationTransfer of an H+ in a B-L equation
Autoionizationwhen a chemical ionizes with itself
Neutralization reactionWhen and acid and a base come together to become neutral

Section 2

Properties of an acid: tastes sour, changes color of indicator, contains hydrogen ions, corrodes metal, breaks down limestone, conducts electricity, acid burns skin by pulling cells out of the body, ph<7, acid neutralizes bases
Properties of a base: neutralizes acid, pH>7, tastes bitter, feels slippery, breaks down and turns skin into soup, bases conduct electrcity, changes color of indicators, bases have organic which are weak and have nitrogen and inorganic which is stronger and have hydroxide