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Acid Base

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dmreid2644's version from 2015-05-01 03:01

Section

Question Answer
pCO2acid
bicarbbase
abnormal pCO2respiratory
abnormal bicarbmetabolic - kidneys fault
hyperventilationalkalosis
hypoventilation acidosis
pCO2 normal values35-45
HCO3 normal value22-28
Anion Gap EquationNa - [Cl + bicarb]
Anion Gap Normal Range8-16
What type of acidosis is the anion gap used for? metabolic (bicarbs fault)
What type of disease states are represented by MULEPAK? Methanol, Uremia, Lactate, Ethylene Glycol, Paraldehyde, ASA, Ketoacidosis
Acidosis with normal anion gap? tpn, diarrhea, renal tubular acidosis
What does correcting glucose do to potassium? decreases it because H+ will move out of cells and allow K+ to go back in
What happens to Na when high glucose is corrected? increase Na concentration because the extra water brought into the vasculature by the glucose will follow the glucose into the cells at it is correcting
Why does increasing ADH cause a high urine osmolality? reabsorbing more H2O will leave the urine more concentrated
What is secondary hyperparathyroidism? low vitD = low Ca = increased PTH = decreased calcitonin
What type of fluid do you give DKA pt? NS
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