Abnormal Psy Chapter 3

octopirecipes's version from 2015-09-16 12:49


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elements of assesmentidentifing dimensions and contrubuting factors of clients problems, defining symptombs, diagnosing if appropriate, determining chrnocity and severity, determining treatment plan if any, establishing "baseline measure" for psych funtions so that treatment effects can be emasures.


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steps of a psychological assesmentorientation, Interview
Orientation clinican must determine is client is capable of participating in an in depth psychological assesment can they answer person?place?time?situation?
Interviewextensive, unstructure/open ended, structured. "presents promblem" acute symtoms, prior therapy or hospitalizations, medication history, medical issues.
Structure interviewfollows a format, systematic questions about categories and symptombs and problems, developmental history, education background, employment background, family history, social history, mental status.
open endedmay or may not cover all the same infor but are in the go with the flow approach
mental statusa current snapshot of person's basic mental and behavioral functions. involves some questions of the patient but is mostly observation of their behaviors. ARTS MAJIC, if disoriented, if chronic memory disorder, or asute disorientation
Arts Majica - appearance r - rappot t- though processes s-speech patterns m- moos a - affect j- judgement i - insight c - cognitions
physical functioningpsychological problems have physical component, either causal factors of symptom patterns. if brain damage suspected must have neurological testing.


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neurological examinationsAn EEG, a Cat Scan, a Pet scan, and functional MRI
psychological testing2 monst common in clinical practice are neurophychological testiong (includes IQ), and personality testing
psychometrics of testingrealibility,validity, standardization.
reliabilitythe extend to which your test measures consistently from one admininstration to the next (ex.all rules are universal)
validitythe extend to which your test measures what you intend for it to measure, (exp college entrances exams don't measure aptitute fro college success but test taking ability.)
standaricationare the same administrative procedures used for each person taking the test.
test normsrefers to the distribution of scores of a large number of people similar to person being tested.
neurophychological testinginvolves the used of wide array of testing devices to measure a person's cognitive perceptual, and moto abilities. (assesses, Intelligence, retardationg, learning disabilities, dementia, impact of head injury or stroke, straghns/weakness in cognitice domains.)
types of neuropsychological testingWeshsler Scales, Binet IQ test, finger tapping test, wisconsin card sort test (excutive functioning.)
personality test assespsychological distress, levels and sumptons of distress, maladaptice pattens of behavior, copinc stategies/deficits, characteristic defence mechanisms, emotional control, impusibity, interpersonal dynamics and stressors.
projectice personality tests projections revel subconscious material and or peron's typical ways perceiving ambiguous situations.
tyoes of projective personality testsrorschach, thematic apperceptions test, sentence completion test.
objective personality testssubject if require to read and respond itemized statements or questions. most commingMMPI-1


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ethical issues in assesmentspotential culture bians, psychometrics propetices of psych test, innacurate date or premature evaluations, capacity of cielnt/patient to consents to evaluation and treatment.
DSM-5classification system for psychiatry and psychological, first published in 1952. has grown in complexity and details, revisions are made by panels of expectis in the fields.
risks of categoricationignoring unique details, can lead to stereotyping, hard to shake diagnostic labels, slang terms (metal patient, nut case, crazy) person does not equal diagnosis