Abnormal Psy Chapter 1

octopirecipes's version from 2015-09-16 05:55


Question Answer
abnormal psychology (psychopathology)field devoted to the study of abnormal behavior to describe, predit, explain, and change abnormal patterns of funtioning.
people in the field of abnormal psychresearch scientists, clinical pratitioners, professors/instructors.
the four D'sdysfuntion, distress, deviance and danger. Defines abnormal behavior.
Dysfuntionimpairs adaptive funtioning, prevent normal daily funtioning, effects person's ability to do productive work and have stable relationships.
Distresscauses the person to suffer and become upset
Deviancebehavior that departs from the norm
Dangeris the person a danger to himself or others
continuum of psychology disordersline between normal and abnormal not always clear, symtops of psych disorders viewed on a continuum


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trephiningchipping aways parts of the skull to allowe an evil spirit to escapre
exorcismsincantation/prayer, ingestion of concotions/purgative, noisemaking/ritual, beatings/torture
greek and roman treatmentshippocrates, natural causes and cures, four humors, hysteria
hysteriafear or emotional excess in women "wandering fetus" (greek and roman)
europe in the middle ages demonology, mass madness/hysteria,
the renaissancemetal illness, asylums,hydrotherapy
19th centuryhumane treatment of mentally ill, psychology
philippe pinefather of modern psychiatry
Dorothear Dixadvocate for humane treatment.
early 20th centuryemil krepeling vouched for physical factors caused by mental dysfunction,
louis pasterus (bacterial microorganism, grm theory.)
20th centurymedications, tranquilizers, electroconculsive therapy, public mental health hospitals, innefective, community mental health act, lobotomies.
this centurymodern psychiatry, prsychotherapies, experimental research to examine effectiveness


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mesmerearly pratictioner of hypnosis, mesmerize,
breuerused hypnosis to faciliate catharsis
catharsistalking about them feels
breuermentor of freuds, anna O, felt better after talking about it
freudcoined psychodinamics, conscious/preconscious/unconscious, superego/ego/id,psychosexual,psychoanalasis (catharsis,dream analysis etc.)


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defense machanismsego uses this to keep bad vibes out
repressionexclusding uncomfortable thoughts,feelings,and desires from consciousness, results in little or no awareness of these thoughts or impulses
projectionattributing ones own repressed motives/feels/wishes onto others.
displacementkicking the dog, bullies
acting outrisky behavior to avoid bad vibes
identificationtaking on the characteristics of someone else to reduce uncertaintly to avoid feeling incompetent and to bolster's ones own self esteem
denialrefusing to acknowledge paintful or threatening reality despire clear af
rationalizationmaking excuse that deflect or minimize reality beaten wife syndrome
intellectualisationthinking abstractly about stressful probles to detach self
dissociationseperating or removing ones self mentally and emotionally from physical surroundings to evade stress
regressionreverting to child like moods and because to sooth upset emotions
humorusing jokes, satire, sarcast to manage or cloak pain.
reaction formationexpression of exaggerated ideas and emotions that the oppositve of ones taboo feelings beliefs or impulses


Question Answer
mature defensesindividuals has /faced reality/ and is making active choise to respond to their ciscumstances with good soping strategies
suppressionperson has acknowledged the diffisult circumstances, makes effors to keep bad vives at a distance until they can be worked out
sublimationperson transforms or channe;s feeling into productive work
sublimationperson transforms strong feelings and urges into productive work
psychoanalysisfocused on peoples baser instincts and childhood histories
humanistic theorypositive viewpoint of human nature, here and now concets, self actualtization, maslows hierchy of needs.


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classical conditionspavloves dogs, learning of associations between stimuli
neutral stimulussomething one wouldn't have a reaction to (bell)
unconditioned stimulussomething that already brings a reation (frightening noise)
unconditioned responsea response that already happens due to certain things
condition stimulusa stimulus that onces didn't bring a reaction now does (the bell)
conditioned responsea response from the condtions stimulus (fear of rats, salivating at bell.)
examples of classical conditiningphobias, food aversions, sexial arousal
operant conditiongBF Skinner how reinforcement vs. punishment effect behavior (puzzle boxes)
reinforcementincreases behavior
punishmentdecreases behaivior

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