Ablatives, et cetera

leisulin's version from 2016-01-12 01:52

Ablatives of Manner Used Solo

Question Answer
cāsūby chance
cōnsiliōby design
forteby chance
silentiōin silence
by force
hōc cōnsiliōwith this intention
hōc modōin this way
hāc ratiōnein this way
summō opereearnestly, energetically
aequō animōcalmly
iussū tuōat your command
iniussū Caesariswithout Caesar's permission
bonā tuā veniāwith your kind permission
nūllō negōtiōwithout trouble
nesciō quō pactōin some way or other

Ablatives of Place Where used without a preposition

Question Answer
terrā marīqueby land and sea
hōc locōin this place
dextrāon the right
laevāon the left

Ablatives of Respect or Limitation

Question Answer
speciēin appearance
rē ipsāin reality
nōminein name
maior nātūelder (in age)

Ablatives of Measure of Difference

Question Answer
so far, to such a pitch
paulōby a little
multōby a lot
tantōby so much

Ablatives of Price

Question Answer
magnōcosting a lot
parvōcosting a little
nimiōcosting very much
quantōcosting as much as...

Ablatives with Special Deponent Verbs

Question Answer
ūtor, ūtī, ūsus to use, enjoy; to benefit oneself by means of X; to serve oneself with X; with persons: associate/be intimate with
fruor 3to enjoy; to derive enjoyment by means of X
fungor 3to perform; to busy oneself with X
dēfungor 3to perform, discharge, finish, have done with
potior, potīrī/potī, potītusto possess; to gain possession of X; to make oneself powerful with X; to be master of + gen.
vēscor 3to eat; to feed oneself with X
glōriorto boast, glorify oneself with X
nītor 3to rely on, support oneself with X

Other important words from BA


Question Answer
nēquam (indecl.), nēquior, nēquissimusworthless, good for nothing
nequeō, -īre, -iī, itumto be unable
nēquitiawickedness in the sense of "worthlessness"
scelus, -eris n.a crime, offense against a fellow creature
vitiuma fault, that which marks imperfection
peccātuma sin/offense which deserves blame or punishment
dēlictuman omission or contravention of some duty
flāgituma crime as a breach of duty towards oneself
facinusan act of heinous crime (sometimes a great exploit)
opprobriuma reproach, scandal, disgrace (or a cause thereof); a verbal reproach, taunt
dēdecus, -orisshame, dishonor, disgrace; dishonorable act, crime, cause of disgrace; discredit
moxVERY soon
brevīin/after a short time
atque/ab/exlonger forms generally go before vowels (or h)
ac/ā/ēshorter forms generally go before consonants
vēneō, vēnīre, vēniī, vēnitumto be sold (used as passive of vendō)
tutussafe (in no danger, protected)
incolumis/salvussafe and sound (now OUT of danger)
stare per aliquemto happen through someone's fault, be due to someone
ferēmore or less, about
paene/propeless than, but bordering on
antīquusold and no longer existing
vetus/vetustusold and still existing
vulneratusstruck by a weapon, having a wound inflicted, whether slight or severe
sauciusseverely wounded, possibly almost fatally
paulō antebut lately, a little before, earlier
sērōlate, too late