Abdominal Introduction Questions

mwhyett's version from 2016-05-24 22:25


Question Answer
What four things is the body made up of?1. Cells. 2. Tissues. 3. Organs. 4. Body systems.
What are the four types of tissues?1. Nervous (control). 2. Muscle (movement). 3. Epithelial (protection). 4. Connective (support).
What is an organ?An organ is a collection of tissues acting together to perform a common function.
What are the nine systems of the body?1. Cardiovascular. 2. Respiratory. 3. Musculoskeletal. 4. Digestive. 5. Reproductive. 6. Nervous. 7. Urinary. 8. Immune. 9. Endocrine.
What is homeostasis?The maintenance of a constant internal equilibrium.
What is the difference between a sign and a symptom?A sign is an objective evidence of disease, and a symptom is an subjective evidence of diease.
What are two common types of diseases that are irreversible?1. Atrophy (wastage). 2. Necrosis (death).
What does acute mean?Sudden onset.
What does traumatic mean?Acquired through trauma.
What does congenital mean?Present since birth.
What does acquired mean?Developed after birth.
What does chronic mean?Persisting for a long time (often more than 3 months).
What does an increased mAs enable?More electrons and ultimately more photons.
What does an increased kV enable?Photons of a higher energy, and therefore a more penetrating x-ray beam.
What are the three branches of the coeliac trunk?1. Left gastric artery. 2. Splenic artery. 3. Common hepatic artery.

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