tutarefo's version from 2016-07-05 08:53


Question Answer
what is psychometric that refers to the consistency of measurement of a given test. It is the degree to which a test is free from measurement error (if given the same test today and next week, the level that you would get the same results)?reliability
What is the psychometric that refers to items withn a test that measure the same cognitive domain (this is the consistency—if I give the standardized test and someone else gives it, it should give you the same results)?internal reliability
What is the degree to which a test actually measure what it is intended to measure (ie if you have a test for visuospatial ability, it is not dependent on language)?vailidity
WAIS is the most widely used IQ test. There are 4 index scores including verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, processing speed and working memory. What subtest of verbal test is a measure of verbal comprehension, word knowledge, and semantic memory (it is considered a hold test in that it improves as one ages)?vocabulary
WAIS is the most widely used IQ test. There are 4 index scores including verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, processing speed and working memory. What subtest tests abstract verbal reasoning and verbal comprehension by saying how 2 objects are alike, and is difficult for pts with executive dysfunction (executive dysfunction from dementia, frontal lobe or L hemisphere injury/damage like TBI, stroke, tumor)similarities
WAIS is the most widely used IQ test. There are 4 index scores including verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, processing speed and working memory. What verbal subtest is a measure of general fund of info, semantic memory, and verbal comprehension by asking questions about common events, objects, places etc and is difficult for pts with impaired semantic memory or other memory deficits or impaired due to word retrieval deficits (PPA, impaired semantic memory)?information sub test
WAIS is the most widely used IQ test. There are 4 index scores including verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, processing speed and working memory. What verbal subtest is a measure of verbal comprehension, executive functions (understanding social rules, reasoning, judgment, problem solving) and is where questions are asked requiring patient to understand and articulate social rules or solutions to everyday problems? This is hard in pts with impaired auditory verbal comprehension and/or executive dysfunction 2/2 TBI, dementias, CVA, etccomprehension
What working memory subtest is a measure of immediate attention and working memory where a patient tells numbers forward (attention) and backwards (working memory). What diseases is this poor in?digit span, poor in ADHD and TBI
Where does mathematics localize to?L parietal
What type of subtest is arithmetic?working memory, problem in ADHD, and Lparietal lesions
What does Letter Number sequencing test? who is this poor in?verbal working memory; poor in ADHD and L temporal/frontal lobe damage, TBI
What test is a measure of non verbal reasoning as well as perceptual organization, and is abnormal in dysfunctional frontal lobe or posterior regions of R hemisphere and non-verbal learning disabilities?matrix reasoning (fill in pattern)
What test is a perceptual reasoning test that localizes to R parietal lobe, and is where a set of printed 2 dimensional red/white geometric patterns are given and pt must replicate using 3 dimensional blocks, and it measures visual spatial constructional skills as well as perceptual organization. This would be abnormal in DLBD before memory changes occur (will have visual-spatial problems before memory)Block design
This test is a measure of visual spatial perception, reasoning and organization which is impaired in R hemispheric lesions and early DBD. It is where while timed, pt views completd puzzle and selects 3 puzzle pieces that when combined reconstruct the puszzle. Measures visual spatial perception, difficult in non verbal learning disabilitiesvisual puzzles
In coding, a series of numbers, each of which is paired with its own corresponding hieroglyphic like symbol, is given and patient must fill out symbol corresponding to series of numbers. It measures psychomotor speed and processing speed. What type of pts have difficulty with this?slow psychomotor speed due to movement disorder, HIV dementia, neurotoxin exposure, ADHD, side effects of medications.
What neuropsych test is where you continually add numbers from a tape recording, and it is a good test for concussions and ADHD (processing speed, accuracy, attention)?paced auditory serial addition task
***Which test is the gold standard for ADHD that tests sustained visual attention. Pt sees letters that come up and they have a target that they have to push the bar for.conners' continuous performance test
What is spatial span using blocks to tap out patterns that progressively gets longerCorsi block
What test is sensitive to right parietal lesions where they have to estimate angular relationships and tests spatial cognition (so good for R parietal lesion)Jolo or Judgment of Line orientation
it is for visual working memory testingsymbol span of Wecechsler memory scale


what test of visual perception
What test is a measure of visual spatial perception and is sensitive to R hemisphere lesions and nonverbal learning disabilities—it is 2 halves of one object and the patient has to put them together to say what they are: hooper visual organization test
[Visual perception—early DLBD, nonverbal learning disabilities, and R hemispheric lesions]
Question Answer
Visual perception tries to identify What is the object and where is it in space. You can use the visual object and space perception battery. You ask which object is the real object, as well as then you have them point to a number that corresponds to where a dot is located on a different page. Where does this test localize to?right temporal or parietal lobes
The facial recognition test examines the ability to match complex visual stimuli without a memory component and is a test for visual perception. Where does it localize to?right hemisphere, esp posterior temporal lobe
The block design test is sensitive to what location?right hemisphere lesion (esp parietal lobe) and non-verbal learning disabilities
What is localization for verbal learning tests?L hemisphere damage especially temporal lobe
What disorders have abnormalities in verbal learning tests?dementias, TBI, seizure focus in temporal lobe
If a patient has L hemispheric dysfunction, what memory test would be abnormal?verbal memory—logical memory (story recall)
The Wechsler memory scale has 2 components, what are they?verbal memory—logical memory (story recall) and visual reproduction-geometric designs (in both you have the patient either verbally tell you the story back or draw the figure immediately and then 30 min later)
For pre surgical testing of temporal lobe epilepsy what memory test would be the best test?recognition memory test—asked to look at 50 words, then show 2 words and pick which one they saw. Then do the same for faces.
Where does the recognition memory test localize to?right or left temporal lobe damage
In the token test, patient is asked to follow simple and complex commands using different colored shapes. Where does it localize to?L hemisphere, more posterior L temporo-parietal
In the Boston naming test, it tests word retrieval and confrontation naming. Where does this localize to?L hemisphere, esp L fronto-temporal region (Broca’s)
The Peabody picture vocabulary test tests receptive vocabulary where the patient points at an image that shows an action that you say. Where does it localize to?L hemisphere damage/injury
Verbal fluency tests include controlled oral word association (measure of phonemic verbal fluency such as all the animals starting with S) as well as semantic fluency (category specific verbal fluency—animals). This is not only a test of verbal fluency (L frontal lobe) but also what else?executive functioning
In the Luria test which tests executive functioning, what would you expect a patient with frontal lesions to do while copying sequence of symbols?perseverate
Similarities test of WAIS-IV measures abstract verbal reasoning, proverb interpretation which is a test of what?executive functioning.
Trails B tests visual sequencing, set shifting, and divided attention by having participant draw a line connecting alternating numbers and letters; what does this test?executive functioning
**Wisconsin Card sorting test tests novel problem solving, mental flexibility, and will pick up perseverative responding. The participant has to match cards from deck to 4 cards on table based on color, shape, number, and then the criteria is changed after 10 cards. What is this a good test of?executive functioning
ADHD, FTD, frontal lobe damage and TBI will have problems with what type of test?executive functioning
Stroop naming test goes thru cards with different color associated with name. What does it test?executive functioning, processing speed, attention
Tower of London is where you rearrange colored rings to match a model in the minimum number of moves. This measure what?executive functions, esp planning, problem solving, working memory
The Ruff figural fluency test is a test of non verbal fluency and a measure of executive dysfunction. The pt connects 2 or more dots to make a design, but can’t be the same. Where does this localize to?R frontal (figural=visual task so R frontal; fluency=executive functioning)
Peg board tests measure fine motor speed and dexterity.
Problem population: movement disorder; HIV (fine motor speed is poor)
Question Answer
What test has a validity (for malingerers) measure imbedded in the test?Minnesota Multi-phasic personality inventory-2. It also is a battery for diagnosing underlying personality disorders
What electrode placement is preferred in initial treatment of ECT and why?nondominant unilateral temporal; less cognitive side effects
Operant conditioning in cognitive poor people like children and retards

C. Discuss the determinants of intelligence

Question Answer
___% variance in intelligence can be explained by genetic factors?~50%
example of biological factors that negatively affect intelligence- poor nutrition
- illness early in life
example of environmental factors that affect intelligenceaccess to good education
example of social factors that affect intelligencegood parent-child relationship
example of emotional factors that affect intelligencepositive response to testing situation
why do ethnic differences affect performance on intelligence tests?cultural & socioeconomic factors
intelligence is dynamic/stable throughout lifestable (unless brain pathology)
why does intelligence testing score decline as you age?processing speed decreases
(not decreasd intelligence)
intelligence test for children (2 - adult)stanford-binet intelligence test
stanford-binet intelligence test is for ages2 -> adult
intelligence test for children (3-11)(WPPSI) wechsler preschool & primary scale of intelligence
(WPPSI) wechsler preschool & primary scale of intelligence is for ages3-11
intelligence test for children (6-16)(WISC) wechsler intelligence scale for children
what kind of score on a WISC might indicate that individual has specific learning disability?- low score in one area
- & high score in other areas
most widely used IQ test(WAIS -IV) wechsler adult intelligence scale
intelligence test for adults (6-75)(WAIS -IV) wechsler adult intelligence scale
what are the 4 scores given from a WAIS-IV test?- verbal comprehension
- working memory
- perceptual reasoning
- processing speed
full scale IQ (FSIQ) includes what 2 categories?verbal IQ (VIQ)
performance IQ (PIQ)
verbal IQ (VIQ) includesverbal comprehension index (VCI)
working memory index (WMI)
performance IQ (PIQ) includesperceptual organization index (POI)
processing speed index (PSI)


Question Answer
test for adhdconners continuous performance test
what test for working memory and processing of speed of info for concussion effectspaced auditory serial addition test
block design is part of wais, which is for whatassesses L and R hemispheric damage
testing of immedite and delayed recall and looks at memory and constructionRey Osterrieth complex figure
Testing of novel problem solving, mental flexibility and perserverative respondingWISC
test for aphasiaboston naming test
what tests are for executive function (3)WCST, stroop naming test, trails B
minnesota multiphasic personality inventorydiagnose personality disorder
assesses auditory immediate attention and working memorydigit span
judgment of line orientationassesses spatial cognition, right parietal lobe
contraindication to ECTspace occuping lesions, history of neurosurgical procedures or skull fractures, recent MI, arrhythmias, CH
what aspect of WAIS would be difficult for Parkinson's patientblock design due to bradykinesia.
what test for facial recognition or prosopagnosiaBenton Allen test or Benton facial recognition test
test for malingerersword memory test

psych testing


Question Answer
severity of previously diagnosed depressionbeck depression inventory
cognitive impairment / short term memory post ECTBrown Patterson test
ADL's in elsderly pts for nonprofessional staffgeriatric rating scale
patient's ability to function, for friends or relativesblessed test
executive functions - problem solving/ abstract reasoningwisconsin card sorting test
hemispheric dominanceluria- nebraska battery
hemispheric dominance prior to surgery for seizure focusWada test
look for organic brain disease by copying figuresbender -gestalt test
most standardized test of personality structureMMPI 2
testing for neglect by drawing figuresRey osterreith test
identifying colors to judge ability to concentratestroop test