A&P Spring Final (CCS) continued

louisiana's version from 2015-05-15 02:59

Section 1

Question Answer
The heart is located mostly to the left of the midline of the sternum
The pulmonary vein returns oxygen rich blood to the left atriun
The upper chambers are Receiving chambers
Which of the following is NOT true of veinsThey have a thicker tunica media than do arteries
The electrical connectors between heart muscle cells are calledIntercalated disks
The right side of the heart Deals with oxygen-poot blood
The correct sequence for the conducting system issinoatrial node, AV node, AV bundles, Purkinje fibers
In the pumping action of the heartAtrial systole precedes ventricular systole
The layer of the arteries & veins that contains smooth muscle tissue istunica media
The volume of blood ejected from the ventricles during each heart beat is calledstroke volume
The tricuspid valve is located betweenthe right atrium and right ventricle
The heart valves are arranged with thetricuspid and pulmonary semilunar valves on the right side of the heart
The "pacemaker" for the heart is thesinoatrial node
Cardiac Output Is the volume of blood pumped from one ventricle per minute and is about 5 liters in the avg. adult
Which of the following is NOT true of arteriesthey carry blood away from the capillaries

Section 2

Question Answer
The partition that divides the nasal cavities is callednasal septum
The thyroid cartilage (Adam's apple) is part of the larynx
The respiratory mucosalines most of the air distribution tubes
The function of the surfactant in the lung is to helpreduce the surface tension of water in the alveoli
During expirationThe diaphragm relaxes and moves up into the thoracic cavity, the chest cavity is reduces in volume, and the pressure in the thoracic cavity increases
The inspiratory and expiratory centers are located in the medulla
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the blood cells throughout the body is calledInternal respiration
Which of the following statements is correctthe lungs are covered by the visceral pleura
The largest amount of air that can be breathed in and out in one breath is calledvital capacity
The lower respiratory tract includes all the following except the larynx
The respiratory membraneincludes the wall of the alveoli and the wall of the capillaries surrounding the alveoli
Which of these structures is not in the larynxpalatine tonsils
All of the following are paranasal sinuses except the mandibular sinus
The respiratory mucosa helps protect the respiratory systen bytrapping bacteria, moving contaminated mucus towards the pharynx, and having ciliated epithelim beat in only one direction
The function of the epiglottis is toKeep food from entering the trachea
During inspirationthe chest cavity expands
The muscles of inspiration are thediaphragm and external intercostals
The pulmonary stretch receptors inhibit inspiration and are inhibited by expiration
Which term refers to a normal respiratory rateeupenea
The tracheais also called the windpipe, contains C-shaped rings of cartilage, and is lined by respiratory mucosa

Section 3

Question Answer
Food ungoes which of the following types of processing in the bodydigestion, absorption, and metabolism
Which of the following is an accessory organ or the digestive systemSalivary glands
Which of the following is a main organ of the digestive systemstomach
The layer of the digestive tract that generates peristalsis is the muscularis
The outermost layer of the digestive tract is the serosa
the layer of the digestive tract that contains blood vessels, nerves, and connecive tissue is the submucosa
Which tructure prevents food and liquid from entering the nasal cavities above the mouthsoft palate
Enamel is found in the crown of the tooth
Dentin is found in the root of the tooth, crown of the tooth, and the neck of the tooth
Lining of each tooth socket is a peridontal membrane
The largest of the salivary glandsparotid gland
Because of its location, the pharynx can be considered part of the digestive system and the respiratory system
Which of the following are examples of mechanical digestionChewing food by the teeth, formation of chyme by the stomach, and emulsification of fat by bile
The part of the stomach to the left and above the opening of the esophagus into the stomach is the fundus
The part of the stomach that joins with the small intestines is the pylorus
The squence of sections of small intestine through which food passes would be duodenum, jejunum, and ileum
In which part of the small intestine does most of the chemical digestion occurduodenum
The function of bile is to emulsify fat and remove cholesterol from the body
Enzymes are important in chemical digestion
Amylase is made in the salivary glandsand pancreas
The end product of amylase digestion is usuallymaltose
Fat digestion begins in the small intestine
Bile causes emulsification of fat, is made in the liver, and works in the small intestine
Lipase is made in the pancreas
Canine teeth are sometimes called the cuspids
The tube which drains bile from the liver is the hepatic duct
The tube which drains bile from the gallbladder is the cystic duct
Which of the following substances is absorbed by the large intestinesalt, vitamin K, and water
During the process of digestion, stored bile is poured into the duodenum by which of the follwoingGallbladder
The _________________ is the portion of the alimentary canal that mixes food with gastric juicce and breaks it down into a mixture called chymeStomach
What is the middle potion of the small intestine calledjejunum
Duodenal ulcers appear in the small intestine
Which structure prevets food and liquid from entering the nasal cavities above the mouth soft palate
the movement of digested food from the digestive system to the circulating fluid is called absorption

Section 4

Question Answer
The kidneys are encased in a layer of fat and lie just above the waistline
The cortec of the kidneys is the outer part of the kidney
The medulla of the kidney is the inner part of the kidney
The pyramids of the kidney arethe triangular divisions of the medulla
The pelvis of the kidney is an expansion of the upper end of the ureter
Bowman's capsule is the cup-shaped top part of the nephron
The distal convoluted tubules are the part of the nephron between the loop of Henle and the collecting tubule
The cells of the juxtaglomerular apparatus help regularblood pressure
The movement of substances out of the renal tubules into blood capillaries is called reabsorption
The dissolved substandes and fluid that move from glomerulus into Bowman's capsuleglomerular filtrate
The movement of substances from the blood into the renal tubules is called secretion
The amount of glomerular filtrate produced in 1 day is approx. 180 Liters
Which hormone is screted by the pituitary gland and increases the permeability of the collecting tube into waterADH
The renal pelvis drains into the ureter
Urine leaves the body through the Urethra
The urinary meatus is part of the urethra
Peristalsis-like movement helps move urine through the ureter
Emptying of the bladder is called voiding, micturition, urinating
The emptying reflex causes the contracting of the muscles of the bladder and the relaxation of the internal sphincter
What condition occurs when the bladder is able to empty itself but no urine is being produced by the kidneyssuppression
What condition occurs when a person urinates involuntarilyincontinence
What condition occurs when urine is produced but cannot be removied from the bladderretention
The kidneys do not play a vital role in regulating blood glucose level
Which of the following do NOT help protect the kidney The hip bone
Nitrogenous waste in the blood is the result of protein catabolism
Glycosuria is a sin of diabetes melitus, refers to glucose in the urine, and occurs because the amount of glucose in the filtrate is more than the nephron can reabsorb
Which of the following is NOT true of ADHit increases the amount of urine produced
Which part of the urintating is under voluntary controlThe relaxation of the external sphincter
The production of an unusually larg amount of urine is called polyuria

Section 5

Question Answer
White blood cells that fight paracites eosinophils
Types of white blood cells that are phagocytes monocyte
The liquid part of the blood including the clotting factorsplasma
Blood cells that carry oxygenRed Blood cell
A plasma protein that is important in blood clot formationfibrinogen
Type O blood is considered to be thisUniversal donor
Type AB blood is considered to be this Universal recipient
The liquid part of the blood with the clotting factors removedserum
Another term for red bone marrowmyeloid tissue
The red pigment of the red bood cells hermoglobin

Section 6

Question Answer
Blood in the left ventricle just passed through this valve mitral valve
Blood from the superior vena cava enters this heart chamberRt. Atrium
Blood passing through the tricuspid valve is entering his chamber Rt. Ventricle
The left ventricle pushes blood through this valve into an arteryaortic semilunar valve
This valve prevents blood from falling back into the left ventricleAortic semilunar valve
Blood from this blood vessel empties into the right atriuminferior vena cava
This blood vessel returns blood to the rt atriumInferior vena cava
This valve prevents blood from falling back into the rt ventriclepulmonary semilunar valve
Contracting of this chamber pushes blood through the aortic semilunar valveLeft ventricle
Blood vessels that exchange substances between the blood & tissuescapillary
Blood vessels that cary blood away from the heart Artery
Blood vessel that allows fetal blood to bypass the lungsductus arteriosus
Muscle layer of an artery or veinTunica media
Innermost layer of an arteryTunica intima
Outermost layer of an artery or veinTunica adventitia
Blood vessel that allows fetal blood to bypass the immature liverductus venosus
Expanding & recoiling of an artery due to the force of bloodpulse
Discharging chambers of the heartventricles
Innermost layer of the heart wallendocardium
Muscle layer of the heartmyocardium
Another term for the visceral pericardiumepicardium
Valve between a ventricle and an arterysemilunar
Recieving chambers of the heart atria
Valve seperating the left atrium from the left ventricle bicuspid valve

Section 7

Question Answer
PharynxOrgan of the respiratory and digestive system: commonly called the throat
Stretch receptorsInfluence the normal pattern of breathing and prtect respiratory system from excess stretching caused by harmful overinflation
Tidal volume Amt of air breathed in and out with each breatoxyhemo
oxyhemoglobinhemoglobin combined with oxygen
bronchioles small branch of a bronchus
Aortic bodySmall cluster of chemosensitive cells that respond to carbon dioxide and oxygen levels
SIDScrib death
hyperventilationVery rapid deep breaths
spirometer an instrument used to measure the amount of air exchanged in breathing
apnea temporary cessation of breathing
vital capacity TV + IRV + ERV
pneumothoraxaccumulation of air in the pleural space, causing collapse of the lung
Hypoxiaabnormally low concentration of oxygen in the blood or tissues
Respiratory arrest Cessation of breathing without resumption

Section 8

Question Answer
An extension of the peritoniummesentary
Part of the large intestine that is between the cecum and hepatic flextureascending colon
The part of the large intestine between the splenic and hepatic flexturetransverse colon
Part of the stomach that joins with the small intestine pylorus
Gland that produceses lipase and trypsinpancreas
The part of the stomach to the left and above the opening of the esophagus to the stomachFundus
Part of the digestive tract wall that generates peristalsismuscularis layer
The outermost layer of the wall of the digestive tractSerosa Layer
The innermost layer of the wall of the digestive tractmucosa
Structure that concentrates and stores bilegallbladder
Submandibular, sublingual, and parotd are all this type of glandsalivary glands
Part of the small intestine that connects to the stomach, most of the chemical digestion takes place here duodenum
Part of the small intestine that joins with the large intestine ileum
Tube that leads from the pharyns to the stomachesophagus
The gland that produces bileliver
Causes the emulsification of fatsbile
Enzyme that reduces complex carbohydrates to maltoseamylase
This and fatty acids are the end product of fat digestionglycerol
Enzyme that converts maltose to simple sugars maltase
Enzyme that is responsible for the chemical digestion of fats lipase
Movement of digested food from the digestive system to the blood or lymphabsorption
The end product of carbohydrate digestionsimple sugars
A protein enzyme that must be activated by hydrochloric acid in the stomachpepsin
The end product of protein digestion amino acids
The physical and chemical changes in food that preare is for movement into the blood or lymphdigestion

Section 9

Question Answer
Another term for urinationmicturition
The movement of substances out of the renal tubules into the capillaries reabsorption
The organ that store urin until is it removed from the bodyurinary bladder
The tube that carries urine out of the bodyurethra
the movements of substances from the capillaries into the renal tubules secretion
The tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladderureter
The condition in which the bladder can empty itself, but the kidney is not producing uring suppression
A hormone that is made in the heart and is the salt-and-water losing hormone AHN