A&P 3-5

heyguysitsclaire's version from 2016-01-25 02:30

Section 1

Question Answer
leuk/owhite, colorless
melan/oblack, dark
ab-away from
ad-toward, near
dia-, per-, trans-through
olig/o-few scanty
eu-true, good, easy, normal
iso-equal, same
mega-, megalo-, macro-large, abnormally large
poikilo-varied, irregular
ante-, pro-, pre-before
post- after, behind
blast/o, -blastimmature cell, productive cell, embryonic cell
phag/oeat, ingest
philattract absorb
plasformation, molding, development
tropact on, affect
troph/ofeeding, growth, nourishment

Section 2

Question Answer
proteinsenzymes, some hormones and structural materials
carbohydratessugars and starches. main is sugar glucose, circulates in blood to provide energy for cells
lipidsfats, hormones and derived from adipose tissue designed to store lipids
epithelial tissuecovers and protects body structures and lines organs, vessels, and cavities. Simple epithelium composed of cells in a single layer, functions to absorb substances from one system to another. stratified epithelium with cells in multiple layers protects deeper tissues as in the mouth and vagina.
connective tissuesupports and binds body structures
muscle tissuecontracts to produce movement. There are 3 types of muscle tissue- skeletal, cardiac, smooth or visceral, nervous
membrane simple, very thin and pliable piece of tissue. may cover organ, line a cavity or seperate stuff.
muscus membranesecrete mucus, a think fluid that lubricates surfaces and protects underlying tissue as in the lining of digestive tract and respiratory passage
serous membranes secrete a thin watery fluid, line body cavities
tissuearranged into organs, which serve specific functions and organs in turn are grouped in to systems
cardiovascular systemconsisting on the heart and blood vessels
lymphatic systemorgans and vessels that aid circulation and help protect the body from foreign materials
respiratory systemobtains the oxygen needed for metabolism and eliminates carbon dioxide a byproduct of metabolism
digestive systemtakes in, breaks down and absorbs nutrients and eliminates undigested waste
urinary systemeliminates soluble waste and balances the volume and compostition of body fluids
nervous systembrain spinal cord and nerves. sensory system. receives and processes stimuli and direct responses
endocrine systemindividual glands that produce hormones
skeletal systembones and joints
muscular systemmoves the skeleton and makes up organs. the muscular system and skeletal system protect vital organs
integumentary systemskin and associated structures, hair sweat glands and oil glands. regulate body temperature

Section 3

Question Answer
anatomic position upright, face front, arms at sides with palms forward and feet parallel
frontal planedivides the body into anterior and prosterior parts
sagittal planedivdes the body into right and left
transverse plane divides body into superior and inferior parts
epigastric regionlocated above the stomach
umbilical regionbelly button area
hypogastric regionlocated below the stomach
hypochondriac regionsright and left. near the ribs
lumbar regionsright and left. near the small of the back
iliac regionsright and left. located at the hips. near the groin.
anteriorfront of the body
proterior back of the body
medialmidline of the body
lateraltoward the side of the body
proximalnearer to the point of attachment or to a given reference point
distalfather from the point of attachment or from a given reference point
cranialtoward the head
caudaltoward the lower end of the spine
superficial closer to the surface of the body
deepcloser to the center of the body

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