marzellabrown's version from 2015-07-05 21:10


Question Answer
BIOSa set of computer instructions in firmware that control input and output operations.
clean installationinstalling the software from scratch on a new drive or on a newly reformatted drive.
Disk cloningthe act of copying the contents of a computer's hard drive. The contents are typically saved as a disk image file and transferred to a storage medium, which could be another computer's hard drive or removable media such as a DVD or a USB drive.
firmwarepermanent software programmed into a read-only memory.
motherboarda rigid, slotted board upon which other boards that contain the basic circuitry of a computer or of a computer component can be mounted.


Question Answer
server rolea primary duty that a server performs.
File ServiceProvides technologies for storage management, file replication, distributed namespace management, fast file searching, and streamlined client access to files.
Network Policy and Access ServicesDelivers a variety of methods (including using VPN servers, dial-up servers, routers, and 802.11 protected wireless access points) to provide users with local and remote network connectivity, to connect network segments, and to allow network administrators to centrally manage network access and client health policies.
Print ServicesEnables users to print to and manage centralized printers that are connected directly or indirectly to print servers.
Terminal ServicesAllows users to connect to a terminal server to remotely run programs, use network resources and access the Windows desktop on that server.
Universal Description, Discovery, and IntegrationProvides capabilities to share information about Web services within an (UDDI) Services organization’s intranet, between business partners on an extranet, or on the Internet.
Web Server (IIS)Enables sharing of information on the Internet, an intranet, or an extranet via a unified web platform that integrates Internet Information Server (IIS) 7.5 to provide web pages, File Transfer Protocol (FTP) services or newsgroups, ASP.NET, Windows Communication Foundation, and Windows SharePoint Services.
Windows Deployment ServicesUsed to install and configure Microsoft Windows operating systems remotely on computers with Pre-boot Execution Environment (PXE) boot ROMs.


Question Answer
Active Directory Certificate ServicesProvides service for creating and managing public key certificates used in software security systems that employ public key technologies to prove the identity of person, device, or service, which can be used by secure mail, secure wireless networks, virtual private networks (VPN), Internet Protocol Security (IPSec), Encrypting File System (EFS), smart card logon, and others. For ease of use, the digital certificates interface with Microsoft’s Active Directory.
Active Directory Domain ServicesTransforms a server into a domain controller to provide a directory service via Microsoft’s Active Directory (AD), which stores information about users, computers, and other devices on the network. Active Directory helps administrators securely manage this information and facilitates resource sharing and collaboration between users. Active Directory is required for directory-enabled applications such as Microsoft Exchange Server (email server) and to apply other Windows Server technologies such as Group Policy.
Active Directory Federation ServicesProvides web single-sign-on (SSO) technologies to authenticate a user to multiple web applications using a single user account.
Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (ADLDS)For applications that require a directory to store application data as a data store without installing Active Directory domain services. Since this runs as a non-operating-system service, it allows multiple instances of ADLDS to run concurrently on a single server, and each instance can be configured independently for servicing multiple applications.
Active Directory Rights Management Services (AD RMS)Technology that works with Active Directory RMS enables applications to help safeguard digital information from unauthorized use by specifying who can use the information and what they can do with it (open, modify, print, forward, and/or take other actions).
Application ServerProvides a complete solution for hosting and managing high-performance distributed business applications built around Microsoft.NET Framework 3.0, COM!, Message Queuing, Web services, and Distributed Transactions. Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Server Allows servers to assign, or lease, IP addresses to computers and other devices that are enabled as DHCP clients.
Domain Name System (DNS) ServerProvides a naming service that associates names with numeric Internet addresses. This makes it possible for users to refer to network computers by using easy-to-remember names instead of a long series of numbers. Windows DNS services can be integrated with Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) services on Windows, eliminating the need to add DNS records as computers are added to the network.
Fax ServerSends and receives faxes, and allows management of fax resources such as jobs, settings, reports, and fax devices on this computer or on the network.


Question Answer
What subsystems affect server performance the most?Processor, Memory, Storage, and Network.