88 Rhetorical Devices

hidoduyo's version from 2017-10-17 18:49

Section 1


Question Answer
AnaphoraRepetition of words or phrases at the beginning of a sentence. The man....The man...The man...
Apostrophe Talking to something that cannot talk back. redirection of speech from one audience to another.
Asyndeton Commas, commas, commas. omission of conjunctions from successive clauses
AnadiplosisRepetition of end word(s) of clause at the beginning of the next clause.
Accumulatiorepetition of an idea in other words.
AntanaclasisRepetition of a word with a different sense of that word (fired with enthusiasm)
Anthimeriasubstituting one part of speech for another (he boys my greatness)
Anthypophoraasking and answering your own question.
AntimetaboleJuxtaposition of two words by reversing them in successive clauses (when the going gets tough, the tough get going)
AposiopesisOmission of the end of a thought by breaking off suddenly
Auxesisarrangement of words or ideas in a series (sometimes in importance)
Catachresissubstitution (accidentally or purposefully) of an "incorrect" or unexpected word
CataplexisThreatening or prophesying retribution
Chiasmusjuxtaposition of two ideas by reversing them in successive clauses
Diacoperepetition of a word with one or two words in between
Ecphonesisexclamation of a word or phrase (zounds!)
Ellipsisomission of a word or phrase understood in the context.
Enallagesubstituting different grammar to mean the same thing
EpanadosRepetition of the main terms of a statement later in the speech
Epanalepsisrepetition of beginning words a the end of the same clause
Epanorthosisaddition of a correction or amplification (a subset of parenthesis)
EpistropheRepetition of end words in successive clauses
Epizuexisrepetition of a word immediately with no words in between
Erotemaasking a question to affirm or deny a point
Euphemismsubstituting a a more agreeable word for a harsh or indelicate one
Gradatiorepetition of end word to start 2nd clause, new end word to start rd clause, etc (ladder)
Hendiadyssubstitution of two nouns for an adjective and a noun (rain and weather instead of rainy weather)
IsocolonRepetition of phrases or clauses in parallel syntax
ParalipsisPresentation of ideas by claiming not to speak of them
ParenthesisAddition of a thought that interrupts the main one
Paranomasiasubstitution of an alternative meaning of the same word (pun)
PleonasmAddition of superfluous words and clauses
PolyptotonRepetition of a word in a different form.
PolysyndetonAddition of a conjunction after every word or clause in a series
PysmaAsking a series of questions without wanting answers
Symplocerepetition of beginning and end words (anaphora and epistrohpe)
Zeugmaomission of a verb understood from the context
Aporiadeliberating with oneself as though in doubt over some matter

Section 2

Question Answer
Euphemism Good speech. "Pushing up daisies"
Extended MetaphorLong metaphor
Figurative LanguageStory with non literal meaning
Figure Of SpeechDevices used to create figurative language
Generic ConventionTradition or way that a genre of writing is written
Genre Category in which story fits in
HyperboleOverstatement or exaggeration
InferenceExpected ending
IronyContrast between something stated and what it really means
Dramatical ironyWhen audience knows what is going on and the characters in a play do not
Situational IronyWhen events turn out not the way they were expected to
Verbal IronyWhen words state the opposite of what the writer really means
JargonLingo for groups of people
JuxtaposePutting something in a list to show the contrast in it. Apple, Banana, Grapes, Knife, Oranges and watermelon
Litotes An understatement that states what it is not. That wasnt a bad movie.
Non periodic / Loose sentenceindependent clause goes first and then the dependent clause.
Metaphor Comparing two different things without using like or as. The man was a monkey
Metonymy A nick name associated with thing. The president = white house.
MoodThe atmosphere of the work. Setting and tone affect the mood.
Non-sequitur Confusing. When a statement does not follow or connect with the other
ObjectivityNot favoring. Removing himself and opinions from the piece

Section 3

Question Answer
OxymoronGrouping contradictory words together. Jumbo shrimp.
ParadoxTwo things at once. When something is something and when it is not at the same time. It was the worst of times it was the worst of times.
ParableShort story usually with a moral
ParallelismGrammatical framing of word/phrases in a piece
PedanticText book language. Overly scholarly. Big words.
Periodic Sentence When dependent clause is placed first then the independent. After a long flight, I arrived in L.A.
PersonificationGiving animal traits to humans
Point Of viewPerspective from which story is told
Polysyndetonand and and
ProseOrdinary speech or writing
ProtagonistMain character
Red HerringWhen writer raises irrelevant issue to distract from the real issue
RegionalismSpecific geographical location
Repetitionduplication of words, phrases, sentences, etc
Rhetorical ModeMajor kinds of writing
Expositionto explain or analyze info
Argumentationto convince or prove something with reasoning
Descriptionrecreate a person, place so that reader can visualize
Narrationtelling of a story
Rhetorical QuestionExpecting no answer
SarcasmLanguage meant to hurt or ridicule something
SemanticsStudies the meaning of words

Section 4

Question Answer
Stylethe sum of the choices in the syntax, fig. language. Style can be explicit, rambling etc. Classification of authors to a group.
Simileuses like or as to compare two different objects
Subject ComplementA clause that follows a linking verb and completes the subject. Expresses something about the subject.
Predicate Nominativegroup of nouns that renames the subject. Julia Roberts is a movie star. (movie star renames Julia (the noun))
Predicate Adjectivegroup of adjectives that follows linking verb. Warren remained optimistic. (Optimistic modifies the subject)
SubjectivityPersonal presentation of events influenced by authors opinions
Subordinate ClauseDependent Clause. Yellowstone is a national park that is known for its geysers. (That is known for its geysers)
SyllogismTwo things that lead to a conclusion and reckon together. All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. therefore socrates is a mortal.
SymbolRepresents itself and stands for something else
Natural symbolsobjects from nature that symbolize things associated with them. Rose = love
Conventional Symbolsinvested with meaning by a group. Religious symbols.
SynecdochePhysical nickname. Wheels = Car
SynesthesiaSensory stimulating. "taste the pain"
Understatementsaying something is less significant than what it really is
Witamusing language
Voice"sound" of a writers style