Increased risk of heat and water loss, Decreased heat tolerance, Presence of other things listed next.
areas of tiny white facial papules (keratin-filled cysts that appear just under epidermis, little bumps like pimple)
Salmon patches (stork bites)
irregular red or pink patches found most commonly on the back of the neck
gray, blue, or purple spots in the sacral and buttocks area of newborns
bluish or purple coloring of the hands and feet caused by slow circulation
white, cheeselike mixture of sebumm and epidermal cells. At birth, newborn's skin typically covered with it.
may appear anywhere on the body, but are most common on the face, scalp, back, or chest. They consist of small, closely packed blood vessels. They may be absent at birth, and develop at several weeks. They usually grow rapidly, remain a fixed size, and then subside. In most cases, strawberry hemangiomas disappear by the time a child is 10 years old. Some slight discoloration or puckering of the skin may remain at the site of the hemangioma.)
Bright red, raised lesion about 2-10cm in diameter that does not blanch with pressure and is usually present at birth. Typically, disappears by age 10. Caused by a cluster of immature capillaries. Cause is unknown; may be hereditary. may appear anywhere on body.
similar to strawberry hemangiomas but are more deeply situated. They may appear as a red-blue spongy mass of tissue filled with blood. Some of these lesions may disappear on their own -- usually as a child approaches school age.
Morbilliform or "measles-like" rashes
consists of macular lesions that are red and usually 2–10 mm in diameter but may be confluent in places.
Atopic dermatitis - eczema
affects your skin's ability to hold moisture. Your skin becomes dry, itchy, and easily irritated. You itch, Scratching causes the dry skin to become red and irritated (inflamed). Infection often occurs. Tiny bumps that look like little blisters may appear and ooze fluid or crust over. These symptoms-dryness, itchiness, scratching, and inflammation-may come and go. Over time, a recurring rash can lead to tough and thickened skin..
Smaller sinuses, proportionately smaller than in adults
What sinus's are present at birth?
Maxillary and ethmoid sinus
Eyes and Vision
Measurement of visual acuity
Why do you inspect the inner and outer structures?
Checking for symmetry, position, movement, and appearance
Decreases until what age?
Vision exam with E's pointing in different directions
inability to see objects at a distance
Smaller the fraction in vision
the worse the vision
20/200 vision is considered to be what?
Changes in vision can be related to dysfunction of which cranial nerve?
cranial nerve II
inability to see objects at close range
inability to accommodate for near vision (common in persons over 45 years of age)
Corneal light reflection test
Sitting eye level with pt, pt stare straight ahead while pen light is held 12in from both eyes. Shine light into eyes. Reflection of light should appear in the same spot on both pupils. appears as a "twinkle" inthe eye.
may be present if an absent or white glow red reflex
causes the cornea to apear hazey
If the reflection of light is not symmetric, what could this mean?
Weakness in the extraocular muscles
Can babies see at birth?
yes, their visual acuity just is not as sharp as an adult's. Typically, children have 20/20 vision by age 7.
When does the babies eye color begin to change to a permanent color?
When do tears begin for a baby?
little to no tears present at birth bu begin to appear by fourth week