birth to 1 year, trust - hope and drive, mistrust - fear, withdrawal, and estrangement
2. Autonomy vs shame
1-2 yrs, autonomy results in self control and will power, shame -self doubt
3. Initiative vs. guilt
2-6, initiative leads to purpose and direction, guilt leads to lack of self confidence, pessimissim, feelings of unworthiness
4. Crisis of industry vs. inferiority
6-12 years, industry - development of competency, creativity, and perseverance. Inferiority - feelings of hopelessness, sense of being mediocre or incompetent, withdrawal from school and peers may result (bulling)
5. Identity vs. role diffusion
12-18 Identity results in ability to make a career choice and plan for the future, inferiority creates confusion, uncertainty, indecisiveness, and inability to make a career choice
6. Intimacy vs. isolation
19-40, initimacy - ability to form intimate relationships with another person, isolation results in the development of impersonal relationships and the avoidance of career and lifestyle commitments.
7. Generativity vs stagnation
40-65, positive resolution results in creativity, productivity, and concern for others. Stagnations results in selfishness and lack of interest and commitments
8. Integrity vs. despair
65- death. Individuals either conclude life appreciating the uniqueness of their lives and accepting death, or feeling a sense of loss, despair and contempt for others
What is most important?
developmental stage is more meaningful than exact chronological age. the SEQUENCE of those matter the most.