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303 Eyes

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cdunbar4's version from 2016-07-17 18:29

Section 1

Question Answer
accommodationdilate to see far and constrict to see near
What does PERRLA stand for?Pupils Equal Round Reactive to Light and Accommodation
amblyopialazy eye: extra ocular muscle is weak, one deviates up/down/L & R
anisoriapupils are unqual
conjunctivamucous membrane that covers front of eye and inside of eyelids; provides lubrication
corneatransparent part of sclera, outer layer
diplopiamultiple vision, seeing more than one image
hyperopiafar-sightedness, eyeball is rounded, focuses on back of retina
lensfocuses eye
myopianear-sided, eyeball looks oval, focuses in front of retina
nystagmuseye tremor
presbyopiafarsightedness caused by loss of elasticity of the lens of the eye, occurring typically in middle and old age
pupilhole so light can get into retina
retinalight sensitive tissue behind eye
strabismuscross-eyed, poor eye muscle control
ptosisdrooping eyelid due to muscle weakness
scleragives shape/structure to eye
pupilaperture of the iris
estropiapupil moving to inside
extropiapupil moving to outside
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Section 2

Question Answer
How does glaucoma occur?intraocular pressure is elevated; optic nerve damage, visual field loss. Can lead to blindness if not treated.
What are the symptoms of glaucoma?rapid onset of unilateral inflammation, severe eye pain and pressure, photophobia
Nursing diagnoses for eyes include:disturbed sensory perception: Visual (only when newly diagnosed); social isolation; knowledge deficit (only newly diagnosed); impaired home maintenance; risk of injury (use only when are not aware of things around them)
What is the "normal" findings for ears?flesh color, positioned centrally and in proportion to head (eye-occipital line). No foreign bodies, no redness, drainage, deformities.
Light reflex normal findings>L ear 5:00, R ear 7:00. Tympanic membrane: look for color, position, clarity, mobility
Abnormal drainage of external ear:purulent, bloody, serosanguinous, serous, CSF
Tinnitus"roaring" or "constant buzzing"= ringing in ear, can be d/t ototoxic drugs, trauma, otosclerosis, aging years.
Vertigospinning, syncope
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