2nd study guide for abnormal psych Exam 1

michelleburkee2's version from 2015-09-28 19:39


Question Answer
gather information systematically so that they can describe, predict, and explain the phenomena they studyclinical scientists
role is to detect, assess, and treat abnormal patterns of functioningclinical practitioners
the four D's of psychological abnormalitydistress, deviance, dysfunction, and danger
normsstated and unstated rules for proper conduct
culturea society's norms grows from its culture
thought that mental illness was a myth because put such an emphasis on society's role Thomas Szasz
eccentricityan unsual pattern with which others have no right to interfere
example of eccentricitya man has 20 cats and is not social with other humans
three features of therapya sufferer who seeks relief from the healer, a trained sociall accepted healer whose expertise is accepted by the sufferer and his/her socail group, and a series of contacts betweenthe healer and the sufferer
trephinationa stone instrument was used to cut away cirular section of the skull
humorsbody chemicals that influence mental and physical functioning
the father of modern medicinehippocrates
Why did Hippocrates think that mental illnesses happened?due to natural causes. Imbalance of the four fluids or "humors" in the body
excess of yellow bilemania
excess of black biledepression
cause of mental illness believed in the middle agesdemons
treatment of mental illness in the middle agesreligous and tortoureous treatments
the founder of pschopathologyJohann Weyer
asylums were made in in the 1500's
asylums were used untilthe 1700's
treatment with sympathy and kindness. Unchained the patientsPhillipe Pinel
treatment of kindness and founded the York RetreatWilliam Tuke
the person responsible for moral treatment in AmericaBenjarmin Rush
repsonsible for shut down asylums and put mentally ill in state hospitalsDorathea Dix
somatogenic perspectviethe view that abnormal functioning has physical causes
psychogenic perspectivethe view that the chief cause of abnormal functioning are psychological
used hypnotism in their treatmentAnton Mesmer
mesmerismuse of hypnosis in treatment
worked with Freud and used hypnotismJosef Breuer
psychoanyltic theoryunconcious psychological problems are the cause of abnormal behavior
Aggression is a human instinct. Society can control it to some extent, but we will never eliminate aggressive behavior.psychoanalyst
I think people in our profession should put more effort into trying to understand mentally healthy people and prosocial behavior.humanist
humanisticimportance of values-conflict and knowing the person
Your student may be under a lot of pressure from his parents, but that is no excuse for cheating. We are responsible for what we do.(2)humanistic(2)
If you want to understand why she did it, look to the environment for clues instead of at inferred internal forces such as impulses and motives.behaviorist
We humans are products of evolutionary forces that have preserved selfishness, pleasure-seeking, and a tendency to deceive ourselves(2).psychoanalyst (2)
It doesn’t seem to me that you need to dig into a person’s past in order to understand the person’s current problems and concerns(3).humanist (3)
There aren’t any values inherent in human nature. Values are acquired in the same way we learn to say “please” and “thank you.”(2)behaviorist (2)
If we wanted to improve the character of people in our society, we would need to start when they are very young. By the time a kid is five years old, it’s probably too late.(3)psychoanalyst (3)
You may think your choice of chili and ice cream for lunch was freely made, but your perception of free choice is an illusion. Choosing chili and ice cream is predictable from the consequences of past behavior.(3)behaviorist(3)
General laws of behavior and experience that apply to all people are not very helpful if you want to understand a particular individual.(4)humanist (4)
You say people are inherently good, and he says they are inherently pretty bad. I don’t think people are inherently either good or bad.(4)behaviorist (4)
The sex drive is with us at birth. People just don’t want to believe that infants get sexual pleasure from sucking and exploring anything they get in their hands with their mouths (4)psychoanalyst (4)

Recent badges