221 CH 6

jennraq2u's version from 2015-11-13 01:17


Question Answer
advanced practice registered nurse (APRN)a title that encompasses certified nurse practitioners (CNPs), clinical nurse specialists (CNSs), certified nurse-midwives (CNMs), and certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs)
bundlea set of three to five evidence-based practices that, when implemented appropriately, can measurably improve patients’ outcomes
clinical nurse leader (CNL)a title conferred upon a certified master’s-prepared nurse generalist who supervises the care coordination of a group of patients while assuring implementation of evidence-based practices and evaluation of quality outcomes
core measuresbenchmark standards of best practices used to gauge how well a hospital gives care to its patients who are admitted to seek treatment for a specific disease (e.g., heart failure) or who need a specific treatment (e.g., an immunization)
evidence-based practice (EBP)a best practice derived from valid and reliable research studies that also considers the health care setting, patient preferences and values, and clinical judgment
healthaccording to the World Health Organization (2006), a “state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity” (p. 1); often viewed as equivalent to wellness
health–illness continuumdescription of a person’s health status as a range with anchors that include poor health or imminent death on one end of the continuum to high-level wellness on the other end
interprofessional collaborative practiceemploying multiple health professionals to work together with patients, families, and communities to deliver best practices, thus ensuring best patient outcomes
Joint Commissiona nonprofit organization that accredits hospitals and health care organizations
National Patient Safety Goals (NPSGs)areas of patient safety concern identified annually by the Joint Commission that, if rectified, may have the most positive impact on improving patient care and outcomes
nursingaccording to the American Nurses Association (2010b), “the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of
patienta traditional term used to identify someone who is a recipient of health care
pay for performancea health insurance model that reimburses health care provider groups, hospitals, and health care agencies for either meeting or exceeding metrics that demonstrate that the care and treatments rendered
Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN)a project whose aim is to develop curricula that prepare future nurses with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) required to continuously improve the quality and safety
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)a hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that stimulates the secretion of cortisol and other hormones by the adrenal cortex
antidiuretic hormone (ADH)a hormone secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland that constricts blood vessels, elevates blood pressure, and reduces the excretion of urine
catecholaminesany of the group of amines (such as epinephrine, norepinephrine, or dopamine) that serve as neurotransmitters
copingthe cognitive and behavioral strategies used to manage the stressors that tax a person’s resources
diseasean abnormal variation in the structure or function of any part of the body that disrupts function and therefore can limit freedom of action
dysplasiabizarre cell growth resulting in cells that differ in size, shape, or arrangement from other cells of the same tissue type
familya group whose members are related by reciprocal caring, mutual responsibilities, and loyalties
fight-or-flight responsethe alarm stage in the general adaptation syndrome described by Selye
glucocorticoidsthe group of steroid hormones, such as cortisol, that are produced by the adrenal cortex; they are involved in carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism and have anti-inflammatory properties
gluconeogenesisthe formation of glucose by the liver from noncarbohydrate sources, such as amino acids and the glycerol portion of fats
guided imagerythe mindful use of a word, phrase, or visual image to achieve relaxation or direct attention away from uncomfortable sensations or situations
homeostasisa steady state within the body; the stability of the internal environment
hyperplasiaan increase in the number of new cells in an organ or tissue
hypoxiainadequate supply of oxygen to the cell
inflammationa localized reaction of tissue to injury, irritation, or infection that is manifested by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and sometimes loss of function
metaplasiaa cell transformation in which there is conversion of one type of mature cell into another type of cell
negative feedbackresponse that decreases the output of a system
positive feedbackreaction that increases the output of a system
steady statea stable condition that does not change over time, or when change in one direction is balanced by change in an opposite direction
stressa disruptive condition that occurs in response to adverse influences from the internal or external environments
stressoran internal or external event or situation that creates the potential for physiologic, emotional, cognitive, or behavioral changes