The area of the stomach where the esophagus and stomach meet is called the
The dilated superior part of the stomach (related to the left dome of the diaphragm) is the
The superior “dip”/notch in the stomach, is called the
The body of the stomach lies between the
fundus and pyloric antrum
The pyloric antrum is
the widened funnel shaped area that leads into the pyloric canal (narrow part).
The thickened distal region of the pyloric canal forms the
Pyloric Sphincter, which controls discharge of stomach contents through the pyloric orifice into the duodenum
The concave border of the stomach is called the
The convex border of the stomach is called the
Plicae Circulares are
shelf-like folds that are formed from modified version of the mucosa & Submucosa.
What’s the only part of the small intestine that is not suspended by mesentery to move with both gravity and peristalsis?
The retroperitoneal part of the duodenum
The shortest, widest and most fixed part of the small intestine is the
The duodenum is covered by
mesentery for the first 2cm of the superior part & the remaining superior part plus the next two parts are retroperitoneal, where the final limb where it joins the jejunum & becomes intraperitoneal again.
The MAJOR DUODENAL PAPILLA is
where the pancreatic duct and the common bile duct empty bile and enzymes into their long duodenum; it also marks the end of the foregut!
The largest part of the small intestine is
The part of the large intestine in the lower right quadrant, which has the appendix, is the
The ascending colon runs from the cecum to the right lobe of the liver, where it then becomes the
Right Colic Flexure, or Hepatic Flexure.
The Right Colic/Hepatic Flexure is separated from the anterior abdominal wall by the
The Transverse colon runs across the abdomen and through the left colic flexure, then becoming the
The descending colon is (peritoneal location)
Which parts of the large intestine are retroperitoneal?
Ascending colon & Descending colon
The part of the intestine that is peritoneal is the
The descending colon and the rectum are linked by the
sigmoid portion of the large intestine
The end of teniae coli near the sigmoid colon signifies
Which pelvic ligament has a lateral attachment at the ischial tuberosity?
Which foramen is superior the sacrospinous ligament?
The Obturator Foramen is formed by
Ischial Tuberosity, Ischio-Pubic Ramus & Superior Pubic Ramus
What passes through the Obturator canal?
Obturator Nerve + Vessels
What divides the greater sciatic foramen into 2 parts?
What passes above the Piriformis in the greater sciatic foramen?
Superior gluteal nerves + vessels
What passes below the Piriformis in the greater sciatic foramen?
Inferior gluteal nerves + vessels, sciatic nerve, pudendal nerve, the internal pudendal vessels, posterior femoral cutaneous nerves, and the nerves to the Obturator internus, quadratus femorus and superior + inferior gemellus muscles.
What exits from the lesser sciatic foramen?
pudendal nerve (but it goes back into perineum) & the tendon of the Obturator Internus Muscle.
The muscle of the pelvis that forms a large part of the posterolateral wall of the pelvic cavity is the
Vessels & Nerves passing b/ween the pelvic cavity & the gluteal region run through
the posterolateral wall of the pelvic cavity
The muscle that makes a 90 degree bend around the ischium between the ischial spine & ischial tuberosity, passes posteriorly, & crosses the hip joint to insert onto the femur is
Levator Ani & the Coccygeus muscles form the
Pelvic Diaphragm (Pelvic Floor); support the abdominal viscera
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