#2 functions and structures of the endocrine system

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-09 22:40


Question Answer
gonadsgamete-producing glands; secrete the hormones that are responsible for the development and maintenance of the secondary sex characteristics that develop during puberty
secondary sex characteristicsfeatures that distinguish the two sexes; but are not directly related to reproduction
pubertythe process of physical changes by which a child's body becomes an adult body capable of reproducing
precocious pubertythe early onset of the changes of puberty
precociousexceptionally early in development or in occurance
estrogena hormone secreted by the ovaries that is important in the development and maintenance of the female secondary sex characteristics and the regulation of the menstrual cycle
progesteronethe hormone released during the second half of the menstrual cycle by the corpus luteum in the ovary; its function is to complete the preparation of the uterus for possible pregnancy
gametea reproductive cell; sperm in the male; ova in the female
gonadotropinany hormone that stimulates the gonads
androgenssex hormones that promote the development and maintenance of the male sex characteristics
testosteronea steroid hormone secreted by the testicles and the adrenal cortex to stimulate the development of male secondary sex characteristics
steroidsa large family of hormone-like substances that share the same fat-soluble chemical structure;secreted by endocrine glands to relieve swelling and inflammation
anabolic steroidsman-made substances that are chemically related to male sex hormones; used in the treatment of hormone problems in men and to help the body replace muscle mass lost due to disease
leptinprotein hormone secreted by fat cells that is involved in the regulation of appetite
neurohormonesproduced and released by neurons in the brain and delivered to organs and tissues through the bloodstream

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