2.9 blood

noammakmal's version from 2015-04-12 14:18

combining form

Question Answer
blood (combining form)hem/o, hemat/o
erythrocyte (combining form)erythr/o, erythrocyte/o
leucocyte (combining form)leuc/o, leuk/o, leucocyt/o, leukocyt/o
platelet (combining form)thrombocyte/o
red (combining form)erythr/o
white (combining form)leuc/o
thrombus (combining form)thromb/o
embolus (combining form)embol/o
cell (suffix)-cyte
formation, production (suffix)-poiesis
decrease in amount of something (suffix)-penia
displacement (suffix)-ptosis
destruction (suffix)-lysis

composition of blood

Question Answer
formed elementscorpuscles
corpuscles (definition)small body
clotting (2)coagulation, hemostasis
hemostasisstoppage of blood flow
anticoagulanta chemical that prevent clotting
buffy coatplatelets and WBC
blood serumplasma without its clotting factors
shape of RBCbiconcave disc
reticulocyteimmature RBC (detained by the spleen)
antibodies of ABO blood groupborn with it
antibodies of Rhdevelop it through life
universal donorsO RH-
universal recipientsAB Rh+
granulesmall particle, little grain
granulocytepolymorphonuclear leucocyte (WBC with granules in their cytoplasm)
neutrophilsvisible in neutral solution
eosinophilsvisible in acidic solution
basophilsvisible in basic solution
agranulocyteWBC without granules in their cytoplasm
monocyteform macrophage (big eating cells)
lymphocyteB-lymphocyte or T-lymphocyte
smearsample spread on a slide
polymorphnuclearpertaining to many shaped nucleus
thrombusblood clot

blood formation

Question Answer
epiphysisthe end of the long bone
stem cellsundifferentiated cells
hematopoiesis / hemopoiesisblood production
erythropoiesisRBC production
leucopoiesisWBC production
thrombopoiesisplatelet production
hematologystudy of blood and blood-forming tissues
hematologista physician who specializes in treating conditions that involve blood

abnormalities and diseases

Question Answer
erythrocyte countthe normal number of RBC in blood
leucocyte countthe normal number of WBC in blood
thrombocyte countthe normal number of platelets in blood
hematocrit a lab test that shows the volume of RBCs in a patient
polycythemiadisease condition of too many cells in blood
erythrocytosistoo many RBC
erythropeniatoo little RBC
anemiadisease condition of lack of blood
magaloblastic (anemia)too big and immature (RDB)
sickle cell (anemia)C shaped (RDB)
microcytic (anemia)too small (RBC)
iron deficiency anemiaanemia caused by lack of iron in the patient's diet resulting in hemoglobin deficiency
hemorrhage anemiaanemia caused by loss of RBC through bleeding
leukocytosistoo many WBC
leukocytopeniadecrease in leukocyte count
leukemiawhite blood condition. acute (immature leukocyte), chronic (mature leukocyte)
Acutewhen a disease runs its course over a short time. usually sudden onset and has severe symptoms
Chronicwhen a disease runs its course over a long time. constant and has less severe symptoms
myelomatumor in bone marrow
lymphomatumor in the lymphatic system
aspirationdrawing in or out by suction
Supinelying on back
Pronelying on the abdomen
incisionsurgical cut
thrombocytosistoo many platelets
thrombocytopeniadecrease in number of platelets
hemophiliadisease condition, attraction toward blood
thrombus (pl. thrombi)stationery blood clot
embolus (pl. emboli)when the blood clot traveling in blood vessels
thrombectomysurgically removal of blood clot
in vivowithin a living organism
in vitrooutside a living organism
thrombolysisdestruction of blood clot
plasmapheresisthe process of cleaning the blood plasma outside the body


Question Answer
bilaterallyon 2 sides
cervicalpertaining to the neck region
splenomegalyenlargement of the spleen
symptomssubjective complains of the patient