2.12 nervous system

noammakmal's version from 2015-04-14 16:53


Nervous system

Combining form

Question Answer
middle (prefix)meso-
half (prefix)hemi-
nervous system (combining form)neur/o
star (combining form)astr/o
few (combining form)olig/o
tree (combining form)dendr/o
small (combining form)micr/o
brain (combining form)encephal/o, cerebr/o
cerebrum (combining form)cerebr/o
spinal cord / bone marrow (combining form)myel/o
nerve (combining form)neur/o, neur/i
blood (combining form)hem/o
order, arrangment (combining form)tax/o
cell (suffix)-cyte
bleeding (suffix)-rrhagia
speech (suffix)-phasis


Question Answer
homeostasisconstant internal environment
stimulussomething that generate a response
nerve impulsea wave of excitation that moves along a nerve or a muscle fiber in response to stimulus. involves a change
accelerateharry up
sheatha tubular envelop
irreparablecannot be fixed
adjacentclose by
synapse (synaptic cleft)a gap between axon of one neuron and dendrite of another
axon terminalthe end of the axon
neuromuscular junctionthe area between a neuron and a skeletal muscle
afferentcarrying toward
efferentcarrying away from
autonomicself regulating
somaticpertaining to the body
involuntaryun-conscious control
carniosacralpertaining to the skull and sacrum (lower medial back) region
thoracolumbarpertaining to the thoracic and lumber (lower lateral back) region
arachnoidsimilar to a spider web
piadelicate, soft
mesencephalonthe mid brain
gyriconvolutes in the brain
dissectionseparation of something to parts
temporalpertaining to the temples (רקה)
parietalpertaining to a wall
occipitalpertaining to the back of the skull
refluxinvoluntary unconscious response
knee jerkpatella reflex
nervebundle of axons in the PNS
fasciclea group of myelinated axons tied together by perineurium (connective membrane)
plexusnetwork of anastomosing nerves and blood vessels
anastomosingto join directly and indirectly
cervicalpertaining to the neck
brachialpertaining to the arm
lumberpertaining to the lower lateral back
sacralpertaining to the lower medial back
gangliacell bodies of neurons in the PNS


Question Answer
neurologythe branch of medicine concerned with the nervous system
neurologistspecialist doctor of the nervous system
neurosurgeondoctor who performs operations involving the nervous system
neuropathyany disease concerned with the nervous system
degenerativedeteriorating (gradually getting worse)
insomniainability to sleep
dyskinesiaimpairment of voluntary movements
cerebrovascular diseasedisease of the blood vessels of the brain
transienttemporary, not permanent
ischemiainsufficient blood supply due to obstruction
hemiplegiaparalysis of half of the body
quadriplegiaparalysis of half of 4 extremities
aphasialack of speech (inability to produce normal speech)
ataxiainability to coordinate (transient)
palsyuncontrollable tremor
lesiona change in the structure of a tissue that impaired function
plaqueabnormal deposit
disruptinterfere with something (interrupt, hinder)
senilerelated to old age
dementiadeterioration of intellectual function. chronic
phobiaextreme fear
obsessive compulsive disorderneurological disorder characterized by recurrent obsession which interfere with normal function
delusionfalse belief
hallucinationprescription of something that is not there
erraticdifferent from normal
polyneuropathyany disease of many nerves at the same time
neurosclerosishardening of nervous tissue
neroectomyexcision of a nerve
neuroathropathyany disease of the joints and nervous system
nerodenianerve pain
neuralgianerve pain
myelomelasiasoftening of the spinal cord
encephalosclerosishardening of the brain
encephalomalaciasoftening of the brain
myelographyX ray of the spinal cord
meningitisinflammation of the coverings of the brain and spinal cord
myelocelehernia protrusion of the spinal cord
tanglea twisted mass
pathologythe typical behavior of a disease
payoffyield a result
genetic make-upgenotype
sequenceorder of something
pathogenesisdevelopment of a disease
degradationchange of chemical compound to less complex one
pharmacological interventionthe act of interfering with the outcome or course of a disease
inhibitdecrease activity