lauralitchfield161's version from 2015-10-02 21:42


Question Answer
Cutaneous anthraxpruritic papule or vesicle that progresses over 2 to 6 days to form a typical necrotic eschar with surrounding erythema
cellulitis due to group A streptococcal infectionextensive erythema without a papule, vesicle, or edema
erythema migrans in early Lyme diseasepapular central lesion within surrounding erythema with central clearing
soft tissue infection with community–acquired MRSAcentral papular component with discharge, but without the eschar or marked surrounding edema
Tinea corporis infectionraised scaly circular lesion
Nephrotic syndromeedema that is periororbital and more prominent early in the morning and with minimal systemic symptoms.
Acute glomerulonephritis glomerular hematuria (cola- or tea-colored urine), hypertension, and renal failure
congenital lactase deficiencyrare and generally associated with severe diarrhea and inanition during the newborn period
Sucrase-isomaltase deficiencythe most common congenital disaccharidase deficiency, may present after the introduction of cereals or fruits to the infant diet. Presenting symptom is most frequently a watery, acidic (pH <6.0) diarrhea.
classic phenotype for fetal alcohol syndromegrowth deficiency, midfacial hypoplasia, smooth philtrum, thin upper lip, micrognathia, short palpebral fissures, epicanthal folds, small jaw, and microcephaly.
Williams syndromegenetic disorder caused by a deletion on the long arm of chromosome 7. These patients display a hoarse voice, cardiovascular anomaly, mild to moderate intellectual disability, unique personality characteristics, and distinctive facial features.
Rett syndromenormal early growth and development followed by a characteristic slowing of development, loss of purposeful hand movements, distinctive hand wringing, decreased brain growth (acquired microcephaly), loss of coordination, developmental regression, autistic-like behaviors, seizures, and intellectual disability
Fragile X syndromeX-linked dominant disorder caused by the FMR1 gene, which is composed of a series of CGG repeats. Affected boys typically display mild to moderate intellectual disability (only one-third of girls are intellectually disabled), anxiety, hyperactivity, attention-deficit disorder, autism spectrum disorder, and occasionally seizures. Physical features become more apparent with age and include large ears, a prominent jaw and forehead, pesplanus, long and narrow face, and macro-orchidism after puberty.
Acute rheumatic fever presents opproximately 3 weeks after a group A Streptococcus infection
Major Jones criteria for ARFpolyarthritis, carditis, Sydenham chorea, subcutaneous nodules, and erythema marginatum.
Minor Jones criteria for ARFfever, arthralgia, prolonged PR interval on electrocardiograph, and elevated acute-phase reactants.