k18v2's version from 2018-12-01 17:39

Section 1

Question Answer
How was the nation's transformation to a more participatory democracy achieved?expanding suffrage from a system based on property owner ship to one based on voting by all white adult men
What did political parties debate in the early 1800's?tariffs, powers of the federal gov, relations w/ European powers
What did the Supreme Court decisions est?primacy of Judicial review and asserted that federal laws take precedence over state laws
What did the political parties disagree on?tariffs, national bank, role and power of the federal government, federally funded internal improvements
What two regional issues became the basis for national debate?slavery and economic policy
What issues contributed to the 2GA?democratic and individual beliefs, market rev., social and geographic mobility, response to rationalism
What are the effects of the 2GA?influence moral and social reforms and inspired utopian movements
What 2 things influenced American literature, art, philosophy, and architecture?romantic beliefs and liberal social ideas
Why did enslaved and free African Americans create communities?to protect dignity and family structures
What were political efforts aimed at?changing their status
What were the aims of new voluntary organizations?change individual behaviors and improve society through temperance and other reform movements
what were abolitionists movements achieving in the North?emancipation
what were state gov's doing in response to emancipation? restricting AF AM rights
Where were antislavery efforts in the south limited to?unsuccessful slave rebellions
What were the two goals of the women's rights movement expressed in the Seneca Falls Convention?to create greater equality and opportunities for women
what two areas of the market were revolutionized by entrepreneurs? What relationship prevailed?production and commerce ; relationship btwn producers and consumers
what areas saw innovations that increased efficiency of production?textile machinery, steam engines, interchangeable parts, telegraph, agricultural inventions
What supported development of road, canals, and railroads? What 3 effects resulted?judicial and legislative system ; extended and enlarged markets and helped foster regional independence
what did factory work replace? semi-subsistance agriculture
what were factories producing to support themselves?goods for distant markets
what are three effects of the growth of manufacturing on class?increase in prosperity and standard of living, and emergence of a larger middle class
How did gender and family roles change? market revolution
What is meant by public and private spheres?domestic ideals
Where were immigrants moving?industrializing northern cities
Where were many Americans moving?west of the Appalachian mountains
What promoted development of national and international business ties?increase in southern cotton and growth of Northern banking
What did Southern business leaders rely on and what did this contribute to? the production and export of traditional agricultural staples and growth of a distinctive southern regional identity
What was the plan to further unify the US economy? What became an issue?American system ; agriculture and industry
what are ways the US gov sought to influence control of NA?exploration, military actions, Indian removal, diplomatic efforts, Monroe doctrine
what conflicts were caused with native Americans as frontier settlers supported expansion?wars and federal efforts to control/relocate Indian populations
why did slaveholders relocate plantations west of the Appalachians and what did this lead to?over cultivation depleted arable land ; growth of slavery institution
what percentage of southerners did not own slaves? What did the Southern leaders argue?majority owned no slaves ; slavery was a part of southern life
What is an early attempt of political compromise over slavery? How affective was it?Missouri Compromise ; stemmed tensions between opponents and defenders of slavery

Section 2

Question Answer
McCulloch v Marylandcourt struck down a maryland law taxing the Baltimore Branch of the national bank
Gibbons v Ogden ruled that only the fed gov has authority over interstate commerce