1.Medieval Europe- Vocabulary

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Section 1

Question Answer
Eurasiathe large landmass that includes Europe and Asia.
Topographythe shape and elevation of the land in a region.
Middle Agesthe period lasting from about 500 to about 1500.
Medievalanother name for the Middle Ages.
Saint PatricksChristian missionary credited with converting Ireland to Christianity.
monksreligious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities.
monasteriescommunities of monks.
Saint Benedictmonk responsible for creating the Benedict rule,a code prescribing a monk's behavior.
Charlemagnewarrior and king who led the Franks in the buildings a huge empire.
Knightswarriors who fought on horseback
Vassala knight who agrees to protect and serve a lord in exchange for land.
Feudalismthe system that governs the relationship between lords or vassals.
William the ConquerorFrench noble who conquered England and spread feudalism.
Manorlarge estate owned by a knight or lord.
Serfsworkers who were tied to the land on which they lived.
Eleanor of Aquitainepowerful French noblewoman who became queen of France and England.
Chivalrycode of honorable behavior for European knights.
HaikuShort poems, with only three lines and 17 syllables, that usually describe nature themes.
Excommunicatecasting an offender out of the church.
Pope Gregory V||pope who excommunicated Emperor Henry IV.
Emperor Henry |VHoly Roman ruler who challenged Pope Gregory VII.
Crusadesa long series of wars fought between Christians and Muslims over control of Palestine.
Holy Landthe European name for Palestine, the region where Jesus had lived.
Pope Urban IIhead of the Roman Catholic Church who started the Crusades.
King Richard IEnglish king who led the third, ill-fated Crusade to seize Palestine.
SaladinTurkish leader of the Muslim forces that prevented England from taking Palestine.
Clergychurch officials
Religious ordersgroup of people who dedicate their lives to religion and follow common rules.
Francis off Assisifounder of the Franciscan order.
Friars members of religious orders who lived and work among the general public.
Thomas Aquinasphilosopher who showed how religious faith and reason could co-exist.
Natural LawsThomas Aquinas's concept that God created a law that governed how the world operated.
Magna Cartadocument written by English nobles and signed by King John listing rights the king could not ignore.
Parliamentlawmaking body that governs England.
Hundred Years' Warlong-standing conflict between England and France during the 1300s and 1400s.
Joan Arcteenage peasant girl who rallied the French troops and turned the tide of the a Hundred Years' War.
Black Deathdeadly plague that killed millions of Europeans between 1347 and 1351.
Heresyreligious ideas that oppose accepted church teaching
Reconquista Christian efforts to retake Spain from the Muslim Moors.
King FerdinandAragon prince who married Isabella of Castile to rule a united Spain.
Queen IsabellaCastilian princess who ruled Spain with her husband, Ferdinand of Aragon.
Spanish Inquistionorganization of the priest charged with seeking out and punishing non- Christians.

Section 2